Sixty Years of Sino-Latin American Relations: Review and Reflection

  • Bingwen Zheng
  • Hongbo Sun
  • Yunxia YueEmail author
Part of the Research Series on the Chinese Dream and China’s Development Path book series (RSCDCDP)


Sino-Latin American relations, which used to develop in an incremental and stable manner, have been developing in great leaps, following a comprehensive, multi-level and multi-channel development model which includes both governments and non-governmental sectors. This book upholds such a development model as the basis for Sino-Latin American relations since the PRC was established 60 years ago. Latin America will play an irreplaceable role in China’s future economic development, making urgent the strategic analysis of economic matters in Sino-Latin American relations. This is also in line with the principles proposed by General Secretary Hu Jintao concerning the close relation of diplomatic work with national development. Hu Jintao said that we should rely on, serve and promote development so as to safeguard national interests in the pursuit of an open-door policy. The Taiwan issue is still considered one of China’s key interests in Latin America, but as it is complex and cannot be solved in the short term, it has gradually become a matter of conventional interest. At the same time, development interests are becoming increasingly important in bilateral relations. Latin America is China’s major supplier of industrial materials, and is gradually becoming an alternative source for energy and a strategic place for the overseas operations of Chinese companies. Latin America prioritizes economic and trade cooperation with China and deems China a strategic partner for the diversification of foreign economic and trade relations. Therefore, these development interests are in line with the bilateral logic that constitutes the common strategy between China and Latin America, thus laying a solid foundation for their common development.


Incremental and leap-forward development model for Sino-Latin American relations Development interests in economic and trade cooperation 


  1. Boersner D (1990) History of international relations of Latin America (trans: Yin H). Commerce Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  2. Ding S, Yang DQ (1986) History of relations between China and Latin America. Henan People’s Press, ZhengzhouGoogle Scholar
  3. Dominguez J (2006) China’s relations with Latin America: shared gains, asymmetric hopes. Inter-American Dialogue, Working Paper, June 2006Google Scholar
  4. ECLAC (2008) Economic and trade relations between Latin America and Asia-Pacific. The link with China. Santiago, Oct 2008Google Scholar
  5. ECLAC (2009) Economic survey of Latin America and the Caribbean 2008–2009. Santiago, July 2009Google Scholar
  6. Hong Y (1996) Outline of history of relations among Latin America. Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  7. Hu J (2004) Work together to create a new prospect for China-Latin America ties—speech in National Congress of Brazil, November 12, 2004. People’s Daily Nov 2004, p 1Google Scholar
  8. Hu J (2008) Jointly build the partnership of comprehensive cooperation between China and Latin America in the New Era—speech in Peru’s parliament, November 20, 2008. People’s Daily, Nov 2008, p 3Google Scholar
  9. Huang Z (2004) Rediscovery of the New Land: Zhou Enlai and Latin America. Foreign Affairs Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  10. Huang Z (2007) The establishment of the diplomatic relation between China and Latin America. Shanghai Lexicographical Press, ShanghaiGoogle Scholar
  11. Jiang Z (1997) Enhance friendly cooperation to create a better future—speech in Mexican Senate, December 2, 1997. People’s Daily Dec 1997, p 6Google Scholar
  12. Li M (2001) Latin America and China-Latin ties—the present and future. Current Affairs Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  13. Luo R (1998) The misery of Latin America discovery by Chinese—Essays of Historical Relations between China and America. Chongqing Press, ChongqingGoogle Scholar
  14. Santiso J (2009) The visible hand of China in Latin America (trans: Wang P). Foreign Affairs Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  15. Xie Y (1997) China’s contemporary diplomatic history. China Youth Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  16. Xu S (2006) Politics of Latin America. China Social Sciences Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  17. Yang W (2008) Studies on China’s foreign policy in Latin America (1990–2006). Doctoral dissertation, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social SciencesGoogle Scholar
  18. Zheng B (2008) The bankruptcy of the Neocolonialism Argument. China Securities J A11, Mar 2008Google Scholar
  19. Selected Works of Mao Zedong on Foreign Relations. Central Documentation Press, Foreign Affairs Press, Beijing 1994Google Scholar
  20. Chronicles of Deng Xiaoping (1975–1997), vol. 2 Central Documentation Press, Beijing 2004Google Scholar
  21. China’s Policy Paper on Latin America and the Caribbean. Xinhua Online, Nov 2008.

Copyright information

© Social Sciences Academic Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Latin America StudiesChinese Academy of Social SciencesDongcheng DistrictChina

Personalised recommendations