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Basis of Seismology

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Abstract

Seismology is a subject which studies the happening of earthquakes, the propagation of seismic waves, and the internal structure of the earth, and it is a branch of geophysics. More specifically, it mainly studies the happening of earthquake and the propagation rules of seismic waves by using the knowledge of physics, mathematics, and geology with reference to the information of natural or artificial earthquake, so as to achieve the goal of seismic prediction and control. At the same time, it studies on the lithosphere and the internal structure of the earth through the propagation rules of seismic waves. Earthquake is the perceptible shaking of the surface of the earth, which is a form of geotectonic movement. An intense earthquake is always accompanied by ground deformation and stratum dislocation, which has strong devastating potential.

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Copyright information

© Science Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.China Railways CorporationBeijingChina
  3. 3.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  4. 4.Sichuan Provincial Department of TransportationChengduChina

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