Sources of Nuclear Pollutants and Their Controls
Atomic energy is basis of clean-air and carbon free electricity. It does not produce greenhouse gases or air pollutants. Nuclear pollution is very harmful for human health and thus it is very essential to take important steps for its prevention. Reprocessing is one alternative solution but it may also source of other pollution problems by risking contaminating in the surroundings. The storage facilities should be highly secure with regularly checks and updates about present situation of feasibility. During the operation of atomic power plants, groundwater contamination (Tritium) occurs which is a slightly radioactive type of hydrogen. The process of mining uranium and spent fuel rod which is still radioactive affects the atmosphere. The radioactive material release due to nuclear accidents is one of the slightest possible and most relating to atmospheric issue. This chapter will give planners and administrators of atomic offices in which ventilation and air-cleaning frameworks are utilized with the components which must be considered to make safe working conditions inside the nuclear facilities and without dirtying the air or nature to an unsafe level. This chapter gives an overview of various types of undesirable’s materials or substances which affect the atmosphere and their control methods, both past and present using different approach. At the end, some of the grey areas with solutions and recommendations will be presented.
KeywordsAtmospheric pollution hazard Groundwater contamination Spent fuel rod
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