Advertisement

Sources of Nuclear Pollutants and Their Controls

  • Shashi Kant VermaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

Atomic energy is basis of clean-air and carbon free electricity. It does not produce greenhouse gases or air pollutants. Nuclear pollution is very harmful for human health and thus it is very essential to take important steps for its prevention. Reprocessing is one alternative solution but it may also source of other pollution problems by risking contaminating in the surroundings. The storage facilities should be highly secure with regularly checks and updates about present situation of feasibility. During the operation of atomic power plants, groundwater contamination (Tritium) occurs which is a slightly radioactive type of hydrogen. The process of mining uranium and spent fuel rod which is still radioactive affects the atmosphere. The radioactive material release due to nuclear accidents is one of the slightest possible and most relating to atmospheric issue. This chapter will give planners and administrators of atomic offices in which ventilation and air-cleaning frameworks are utilized with the components which must be considered to make safe working conditions inside the nuclear facilities and without dirtying the air or nature to an unsafe level. This chapter gives an overview of various types of undesirable’s materials or substances which affect the atmosphere and their control methods, both past and present using different approach. At the end, some of the grey areas with solutions and recommendations will be presented.

Keywords

Atmospheric pollution hazard Groundwater contamination Spent fuel rod 

References

  1. Choi H-J, Lee JY, Choi J (2013) Development of geological disposal systems for spent fuels and high-level radioactive wastes in Korea. Nuclear Eng Technol 45(1)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hamling BH, Jenkins GF (2012) Disposal of gaseous effluents from nuclear power plants. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 7(4):256–261.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00966665.1958.10467812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kim C-L, Choi Y-J, Lee S-C (2017) Proposal for effective disposal options of very low level decommissioning waste. Prog Nuclear Energy 94:36–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Musyoka D, Field RM (2018) Review of the environmental oversight framework in Kenya, in light of a nuclear power programme. Prog Nuclear Energy 108:89–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Safety series no. 17 (1966) Techniques for controlling air pollution from the operation of nuclear facilities. International Atomic Energy Agency ViennaGoogle Scholar
  6. Swift P (2017) Recent developments in disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. In: Interagency steering committee on performance and risk assessment community of practice, Annual technical exchange meeting Albuquerque NM, Sandia National LaboratoriesGoogle Scholar
  7. Technical reports series no. 325 (1991) Particulate filtration in nuclear facilities. International Atomic Energy Agency ViennaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentMalla Reddy Engineering College (Autonomous)SecunderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations