Effective Utilization of High-Grade Energy Through Thermochemical Conversion of Different Wastes

  • A. Santhoshkumar
  • R. Muthu Dinesh Kumar
  • D. Babu
  • Vinoth Thangarasu
  • R. AnandEmail author
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


Waste disposal is a major problem in most of the countries. Thus, waste to energy conversion will fulfill the future energy demand as well as resolve the pollution issues. This work mainly involved in the extensive study on pyrolysis and gasification of biomass and hazardous e-waste into useful energy and its impact on the environment. Microwave-assisted pyrolysis (MAP) technique has attracted the research society because of its energy efficient process and more viable route for converting the waste into potential products. Similarly, this chapter provides the assessment of biomass and e-waste volarization route to produce syngas using different gasification strategies. In addition, this study focused on the pyrolysis and gasification parameters like temperature, equivalence ratio, and particle size, which influence the product yield and emission formation. In general, pyrolysis and gasification of biomass and e-waste produce the volatile products, and it leaves the solid residue like char and ash. As an implementation, this study explained the conversion of waste residue from pyrolysis and gasification into useful products like activated carbon, silicon carbide, and zeolite, which can be used as the catalyst in microwave process and some other applications. At the end, the study covers the utilization of pyrolysis fuel and syngas in compression ignition engines with advanced technologies like CRDI and dual fuel strategies. CRDI and dual fuel mode combustion are the appropriate methods to reduce the engine emissions and enhance the engine efficiency.


Biomass E-waste Microwave-assisted pyrolysis Gasification Syngas Engine 





American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)


Brominated flame retardants


Comptroller and Auditor General of India






Concentrator photovoltaics


Common rail direct injection


Cathode ray tube


Concentrated solar power


Direct methyl ether


Differential scanning calorimetry


Energy dispersive X-ray analysis


Equivalence ratio


Free-pressureless spark sintering technique


Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy


Gas chromatography




High-density polyethylene


High impact polystyrene


High-performance liquid chromatography


Microwave-assisted organic synthesis


Microwave-assisted pyrolysis


Methylene blue


Municipal solid waste




Nonmetallic fractions


Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy


Organisation for economic cooperation and development


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons


Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans


Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans


Persistent organic pollutants






Polyvinyl chloride


Silicon carbide




Thermogravimetric analysis


Waste cooking oil


Waste electrical and electronic equipment


Waste printed circuit boards


X-ray fluorescence



The authors would like to thank the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, India, and the Director, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India for extending the facilities to carry out the research work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Santhoshkumar
    • 1
  • R. Muthu Dinesh Kumar
    • 1
  • D. Babu
    • 1
  • Vinoth Thangarasu
    • 1
  • R. Anand
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia

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