Advanced Source Inversion Module of the JRODOS System

  • Ivan KovaletsEmail author
  • Spyros Andronopoulos
  • Radek Hofman
  • Petra Seibert
  • Ievgen Ievdin
  • Oleksandr Pylypenko
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)


The development of the source inversion algorithm is described which allows for estimation of the release rates of multiple nuclides and source height with the use of gamma dose rate (GDR) measurements. The method is applicable for the dispersion problems of different spatial scales: from ~1 to ~1000 km. The variational formulation of source inversion problem is used in which unknown release rates of different nuclides are adjusted to minimize the difference of calculated values and measurements. The sensitivities of calculated results with respect to release rates of different radionuclides are calculated with the aid of atmospheric transport model DIPCOT and the source receptor matrix (SRM) is thus constructed. The source inversion problem is regularized using prior (first guess) estimation of release rates. The method is proposed to account for the restrictions on the ratios of the release rates of different radionuclides in formulation of source inversion problem which allows for the assessment of the nuclide composition in radioactive release. The above restrictions are evaluated using the first guess source term. Parameterizations for the regularization parameters of source inversion problem which include root mean squared errors of measurents, first guess release rates, calculated values etc., are developed. The method was successfully tested using artificial measurements precalculated for the conditions of the ETEX experiment. Pilot implementation of the developed algorithm in the European nuclear emergency response system JRODOS is described.


Inverse problem Source term estimation Radioactive release RODOS 



The presented research was supported with the EURATOM grant No.323287. I. Kovalets was also supported with the grant of the President of Ukrane No. Φ78/40053.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan Kovalets
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Spyros Andronopoulos
    • 3
  • Radek Hofman
    • 4
  • Petra Seibert
    • 4
  • Ievgen Ievdin
    • 2
    • 5
  • Oleksandr Pylypenko
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Mathematical Machines and Systems Problems NAS of UkraineKievUkraine
  2. 2.Ukrainian Center of Environmental and Water ProjectsKievUkraine
  3. 3.NCSR DemokritosInstitute of Nuclear and Radiological Sciences and Technology, Energy and SafetyAttikiGreece
  4. 4.University of ViennaViennaAustria
  5. 5.BfS—Federal Office for Radiation ProtectionOberschleissheimGermany

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