Subsurface Processes Controlling Reuse Potential of Treated Wastewater Under Climate Change Conditions



In the last few decades, investigation on ecohydrological interaction including biogeochemical characteristics has been an important research topic in hydrology due to its role in natural resource management. Despite the research focus on this subject, quantifying the geochemical processes controlling the moisture flow and solute transport remains awaited especially under climate change conditions. At the same time, the wastewater treated in conventional wastewater treatment systems are reported with the inefficient removal of many emerging contaminants particularly in rural areas and remote communities in low socioeconomic conditions. As a result, in many instances, the wastewater may get disposed without appropriate advance treatment that further contaminate the soil-water system. Thus, there are urgent needs of the research to assess the risk posed to groundwater and to develop improved knowledge frame of hydrologic and biogeochemical processes and of geologic features controlling contaminant migration in the subsurface. Therefore, the main focus of this chapter is to present the different biogeochemical processes controlling reuse potential of treated wastewater in the subsurface under climate change conditions. The different geochemical process involved during the fate and transport in the subsurface are clearly elaborated and exemplified. Further, the role of varying climatic conditions on biogeochemical makeup and transport is discussed thoroughly. A state of the art of the different aspects of modeling and practical approaches to quantify the governing biogeochemical processes in the subsurface is reviewed comprehensively. Finally, the methodological framework is charted on the basis of the technical and socioeconomic aspect to implement the potential reuse of wastewater and remedial measures in the field. The outcomes of this chapter are of direct use in applying remediation technique in the field and for the decision-making related to the planning of (waste) water under varying environmental conditions.


Treated wastewater Contaminant transport Subsurface Environment Bioremediation Groundwater resources Climate change 



The University Grant Commission (UGC) Fellowship received by Mr. Pankaj K Gupta is duly acknowledged.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HydrologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia

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