Performance of Hydrogen Direct Injection Engine

  • Abdul Rashid Abdul AzizEmail author
  • Muhammad Adlan Abdullah
  • Firmansyah
  • Ezrann Zharif Zainal Abidin
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Hydrogen’s high flammability, low ignition energy, clean burning, and high flame speed are attractive advantages of using internal combustion engines to attain high performance and efficiency as well as achieving “real” clean emission with only water and carbon dioxide as exhaust. To overcome volumetric efficiency loss, high NOx emissions and abnormal combustion, the influence of air–fuel ratio is studied. Optimization of the air–fuel ratio effect and understanding of the combustion processes are actively being studied in the automotive industry and research institutions.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Rashid Abdul Aziz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Adlan Abdullah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Firmansyah
    • 1
  • Ezrann Zharif Zainal Abidin
    • 1
  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi PETRONASPerakMalaysia
  2. 2.PETRONAS Research Sdn. Bhd.BangiMalaysia

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