Background and Context of Education System in Japan

  • Yuto KitamuraEmail author
Part of the Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (EDAP, volume 47)


Japan has been known for its success in building an efficient and effective educational system, particularly for school education. International academic achievement tests such as PISA and TIMSS have shown significant performance for Japanese students at the primary and secondary levels. At the tertiary level, Japan’s higher education system has been academically productive compared to its foreign counterparts, especially those in Asia. However, today Japanese education is considered one of the major reform areas, because of its rigidity and inflexibility despite rapidly changing environments inside as well as outside Japan. Many people in Japan are raising questions over whether Japanese education can still produce good-quality human resources who will be able to respond to the needs and demands of a knowledge-based society in the twenty-first century.



The chapters of this book are outcomes of the research project called “Theoretical and Empirical Studies on Governance Reform and Quality Assurance in Education” led by Toshiyuki Omomo, which has been funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (KAKENHI Research No.: 26245075). Also, for the creation of the Chronological Table of Education Reforms in Postwar Japan, we are grateful for extensive support from Mr. Naofumi Sueoka, a Master’s student in Graduate School of Education, The University of Tokyo.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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