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Constructing Thesaurus Using TAG Term Weight for Query Expansion in Information Retrieval Application

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Abstract

In information retrieval applications, the query expansion is considered as the important procedure for improving the precision of retrieval. This chapter discusses on Thesaurus of N-gram content. This is generated using the content from web documents for expanding the query. The TAG of HTML pages are parsed, and the text present within the TAG is assigned weight based on the nature of TAGs. The total weight for these texts is calculated as the sum of TAG weight and frequency of occurrence. The content of Thesaurus is updated with single term or text as Unigram. Similarly, N-gram Thesaurus is updated with N-term or text along with total weight. Given a query, the term(s) are looked up in the corresponding Thesaurus to obtain a set of query as prediction. The set is ordered based on the total weight, and the user selects any of the term(s) as preference. The benchmark datasets such as Clueweb09B, WT10g and GOV2 are used for experiments. A threshold value is fixed as baseline. The proposed approach has gained 8, 19 and 30% on Clueweb09B, WT10g and GOV2, respectively. In addition, KLDCo and BoCo are used as benchmark datasets for evaluating the performance of the presented approach in terms of query refinement. The MAP, MRR is on the higher side against the baseline.

Keywords

Thesaurus Corpus Corpora N grams Query refinement Query expansion TAG weight 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringDayananda Sagar UniversityBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringSRM University APAmaravatiIndia

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