Position of Heading Information Presented in HUD for Aircraft Cockpit

  • Xiaochao Guo
  • Yanyan Wang
  • Qingfeng Liu
  • Duanqin XiongEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 527)


An experiment was conducted to research the optimal position of heading information in display formats of fighter HUD. Two display formats were programmed according to the guidelines in ARP5288 or the “Basic T” arrangement in AC25-11B, i.e. display format (a) in which heading information were located on the attitude, and display format (b) in which heading information were positioned below the attitude. In the present study, 151 pilots participated in user performance test in context of simulated A/A and A/G flight tasks for heading information reading and state judgment of aircraft based on the display formats. The results were that the main effect of display formats was marginally significant for CR (P = 0.05) and very significant for CRT (P < 0.001). The display format (b) was maybe slightly better than that of display format (a), or both of the display formats were compatible. The pilots preferred the display format (a) to (b) in a vote (about 98% vs. 30%) after experimental uses, although the display format (b) might be cognized slightly faster than the display format (a). Other findings were also discussed.


Head-up display (HUD) Display format Aircraft cockpit Heading Direction of flight Ergonomics Human factors 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

The survey was approved by the Academic Ethics Committee of Institute of Aviation Medicine PLAAF. All subjects who participated in the experiment were provided with and signed an informed consent form. All relevant ethical safeguards have been met with regard to subject protection.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaochao Guo
    • 1
  • Yanyan Wang
    • 1
  • Qingfeng Liu
    • 1
  • Duanqin Xiong
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Aviation Medicine PLAAFBeijingChina

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