Experimental Study on Electrical Power Generation from a 1-kW Engine Using Simulated Biogas Fuel

  • Suhaimi HassanEmail author
  • Hamdan Ya
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


This chapter presents a simulated biogas with mixture of 60% methane (CH4) and 40% carbon dioxide (CO2) as a fuel for small 1 kW spark-ignition engine (SI). The simulated biogas fuel was tested on SI engine, and the engine performance was investigated at the constant engine speed under load transients. The SI engine was connected to load bank to generate a comparable result by using gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and natural gas as fuel in the engine to be evaluated with simulated biogas. The result showed that maximum specific fuel consumption for LPG and natural gas was decreased by 10 and 23.4%, respectively, when compared to gasoline, and it is proven that the simulated biogas has consumed more fuel (1254.83 kg/kWh) with only reach up to 780 W. The power reduction of engine using simulated biogas was about 22% as compared to gasoline. In terms of engine efficiency, gasoline, LPG, and natural gas have generated 21, 20.7, 20.4%, respectively, while simulated biogas generated only 0.16% of engine efficiency.


  1. 1.
    T.H. Oh, S.Y. Pang, S.C. Chua, Energy policy and alternative energy in Malaysia: issues and challenged for sustainable growth. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 14, 1241–1252 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V.P. Garcilasso, S.M.S.G. Velazquez, S.T. Coelho, L.S. Silva, Electric energy generation from landfill biogas: case study and barriers. In: International Conference on Electrical and Control Engineering (ICECE), 16–18 Sept 2011Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    I.W. Surata, T.G.T. Nindhia, I.K.A. Atmika, D.N.K.P. Negara, I.W.E.P. Putra, Simple conversion method from gasoline to biogas fueled small engine to powered electric generator. Energy Procedia 52, 626–632 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Mihic, Biogas fuel for internal combustion engines. Ann. Fac. Eng. Hunedoara, Tome II, Fascicole 3, pp. 179–190 (2004)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. Ganesan, Internal Combustion Engine, 2nd edn. (McGraw-Hill, 2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Porpatham, A. Ramesh, B. Nagalingam, Investigation on the effect of concentration of methane in biogas when used as a fuel for a spark ignition engine. Fuel 87, 1651–1659 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.P. Pundir, I.C. Engines, Combustion and Emissions (Alpha Science International Ltd., Slough, United Kingdom, 2010)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Himabindu, R.V. Ravikrishna, Performance assessment of a small biogas-fuelled power generator prototype. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 73, 781–785 (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.J. Crookes, Comparative bio-fuel performance in internal combustion engines. Biomass Bioenerg. 30, 461–468 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    EIA, International Energy Outlook (Energy Information Administration, Department of Energy, U.S.A, 2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi PETRONASBandar Seri Iskandar, PerakMalaysia

Personalised recommendations