Advertisement

CFD Analysis of Fouling Effects on Aerodynamics Performance of Turbine Blades

  • A. T. BahetaEmail author
  • K. P. Leong
  • Shaharin Anwar Sulaiman
  • A. D. Fentaye
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)

Abstract

Fouling on gas turbine blades is detrimental to process operation as it may, over a period of time, reduce the blade efficiency and consequently the turbine’s efficiency. With the limitation of today’s technology, experimental study or real-life observation of fouling in a gas turbine is beyond the imagination of maintenance engineers. Hence, the effect of fouling cannot be fully quantified for the engineers to come out with mitigation or intervention plans. Nevertheless, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) may provide a good simulation to understand the phenomena. In this chapter, a recent effort involving CFD study on the influence of fouling on the gas turbine performance is presented. Firstly, the nature of fouling on gas turbine and the general consequences are discussed. This is followed by an elaboration on how CFD study has been conducted by the authors. Finally, the findings from the study are discussed.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Razak, Industrial Gas Turbines: Performance and Operability (Elsevier, Cambridge, 2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I.S. Diakunchak, Performance deterioration in industrial gas turbines. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 114, 161–168 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.B. Meher-Homji, A. Bromley, Gas turbine axial compressor fouling and washing, in 33rd Turbomachinery Symposium, Houston, TX, Sept 2004, pp. 20–23Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.A. Cengel, M.A. Boles, Thermodynamics: an engineering approach. Sea 1000, 8862 (2002)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Kurz, K. Brun, Degradation of gas turbine performance in natural gas service. J. Nat. Gas Sci. Eng. 1, 95–102 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.B. Meher-Homji, M. Chaker, A.F. Bromley, The fouling of axial flow compressors: causes, effects, susceptibility, and sensitivity, in ASME Turbo Expo 2009: Power for Land, Sea, and Air, 2009, pp. 571–590Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Kurz, K. Brun, Gas turbine compressor blade fouling mechanisms. Pipeline Gas J. 238, 18–21 (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.A. Hamed, W. Tabakoff, R.B. Rivir, K. Das, P. Arora, Turbine blade surface deterioration by erosion. J. Turbomach. 127, 445–452 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. Dalili, A. Edrisy, R. Carriveau, A review of surface engineering issues critical to wind turbine performance. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 13, 428–438 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T.R. Bott, Fouling of Heat Exchangers (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Brandt, R. Wesorick, GE Gas Turbine Design Philosophy, GER-3434, General Electric (1994)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Veer, K.K. Haglero̸d, O. Bolland, Measured data correction for improved fouling and degradation analysis of offshore gas turbines, 2004, pp. 823–830Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.P. Schultz, G.W. Swain, The influence of biofilms on skin friction drag. Biofouling 15, 129–139 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Wilcox, R. Baldwin, A. Garcia-Hernandez, K. Brun, Guideline for Gas Turbine Inlet Air Filtration Systems (Gas Machinery Research Council, Dallas, TX, 2010)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. T. Baheta
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. P. Leong
    • 1
  • Shaharin Anwar Sulaiman
    • 1
  • A. D. Fentaye
    • 1
  1. 1.Universiti Teknologi PETRONASPerakMalaysia

Personalised recommendations