Effects of Permeable Reactive Barriers for Treating Uranium Mine Pit Water

Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In this study, laboratory-scale Permeable reactive barrier (PRB) reactors were designed with the mixture of non-valent iron, active carbon, hydrated lime and quartz sands as reaction media. The feasibility and effectiveness of treating uranium mine pit water by PRB were tested under 3 different proportions of media through dynamic simulation tests, which came out the optimal proportion of contaminants. The result indicated that the remediation effect of reactor B was the best, whose average removal rate to U was up to 99%, as well as the average value of total α, total β, and 226Ra in effluent were 0.78 Bq/L, 3.52 Bq/L and 0.47 Bq/L respectively. The quality of effluent met the requirement of relevant standards, which indicated that the PRB technology is a feasible method for the treatment of uranium mine pit water.


Permeable reactive barriers Radioactive contamination Uranium mine pit water 


  1. 1.
    Beitinger E (1998) Permeable treatment walls design, construction and cost. NATO/CCMS pilot study 1998. Special Session, Treatment Walls and Permeable Reactive Barriers, U.S. EPA. Report No.: 542-R-98-003, vol 229, pp 6–161Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lou J, Ma XG, Jing CY et al (2008) Application of PRB in treating acid mine drainage. Min Saf Environ Prot 35(3):83–85Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhai B (2005) PRB application in recovery of groundwater pollution. China Environ Prot Ind 2:33–35Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Simon F-G, Segebade C, Hedrich M (2003) Behavior of uranium in iron-bearing permeable reactive barriers: investigation with 237U as a radioindicator. Sci Total Environ 307(1/2/3):231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shi J (1990) Uranium geochemistry principle, vol 258. Atomic Energy Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lv J, Xiong Z, Yang Y (2007) The feasibility study of using PRB technology to remedy acid seepage water from uranium mill-tailings. J Huaihua Univ 26(2):64–66Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    GB15848-1995 Regulation for radiation and environment protection in uraniumGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    GB14586-1995 Environmental management regulation for the decommissioning of military uranium mining and millsGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhao D, Shi H, Xu G et al (2002) Study on the pretreatment of p-Fluoronitrobenzene wastewater by microelectrolysis. Environ Prot Chem Ind 22(1):15–18Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    McRae CW, Blowes DW, Ptacek C (1997) Laboratory - scale investigation of remediation of As and Se using iron oxides. In: Sixth symposium and exhibition on groundwater and soil remediation, Montreal, Canada, March 1997Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    GB8978-1996 Integrated wastewater discharge StandardGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNNC Beijing Research Institute of Uranium GeologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations