Study on Soil-Water Characteristic Curves of Unsaturated Silty Clay of an Old Landfill Cover

  • Zhan-hong Qiu
  • Zan-cheng Zhu
  • Qiao Wang
  • Hai-jian XieEmail author
  • Chenxi Zhao
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In order to better understand the performance of silty clay under different conditions, an assessment of the water retention characteristics under different temperatures is required. Laboratory tests were carried out to measure the soil-water characteristic curves (SWCCs) of the silty clay at different temperatures by the filter paper method. The soil-water characteristic curves (SWCCs) in this study were shown in terms of moisture content, void ratio and degree of water saturation (Sr). Temperature has great influence on the SWCCs of the silty clay. Water retention capacity decreases with the increase of temperature, particularly at low suction range (0–500 kPa for matric suction). For a fixed suction value (e.g. 100 kPa), when the temperature increases from 20 to 60 °C, the water retention capacity of the soil decreases from 22.5% to 13.0%. It is also found that temperature has greater influence on matric suction for the case with Sr ≥ 0.2 than that for the case with Sr < 0.2. The curve indicated that the correlation between silty clay void ratio and suction is approximately linear. It is noted that the values of soil matric suction with temperature of 40 °C appeared to be larger than the case with 20 °C and 60 °C for a given void ratio.


Soil-water characteristic curve (SWCC) Filter paper method Dry density Temperature Water content 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51578356 and No. 51478427.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhan-hong Qiu
    • 1
  • Zan-cheng Zhu
    • 1
  • Qiao Wang
    • 2
  • Hai-jian Xie
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chenxi Zhao
    • 3
  1. 1.Institue of Coastal Environmental and Geotechnical EngineeringTaizhou UniversityTaizhouChina
  2. 2.MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Civil Engineering CollegeShenyang Jianzhu UniversityShenyangChina

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