Monitoring of Biogas from Two Covers of Lysimeters Filled with Municipal Solid Waste

  • Caio Satoshi Misawa
  • Marina Mostiack Pomaleski
  • Rafael Souza Rodrigues dos Santos
  • Miriam Gonçalves MiguelEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In Brazil, conventional covers of sanitary landfill are consisted of fine soils compacted with tractor treadmill. Nonetheless, some clays have swelling behavior and present shrinkage cracking when they are dry, impairing their performance with relation to control the flow of water into the waste mass and the flow of gases out of the waste mass. This control is necessary to minimize the leachate and gas volume generated into de waste mass. This research aimed to evaluate the performance of two conventional covers of two lysimeters filled with municipal solid waste (MSW) of Campinas city, Brazil. For this, the concentration of gases (CO2 and CH4) that was coming out of covers was obtained using flux chamber and correlate with the concentration of gases that were drained by central pipe. Disturbed soil samples from two covers were characterized by geotechnical tests such as grain-size distribution, consistent limits, unit weight and moisture content. Permeability testes were also performed with specimens trimmed of undisturbed soil samples collected of two covers. The soil samples were classified as silt clayed-sandy and they presented micro aggregation. Saturated permeability coefficients presented orders of magnitude of 10−4 and 10−5 cm/s. Gas concentrations from central drain were greater than gas concentrations from the cover, twice for CO2 and 30% for CH4, approximately. The precipitation influenced the gas concentrations from central drain and from covers differently and this fact is discussed.


Biogas Municipal solid waste Cover 


  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    MCT (2010) Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia. Emissões de gases de efeito estufa no tratamento e disposição de resíduos. Segundo Inventário Brasileiro de Emissões Antrópicas de Gases de Efeito Estufa. Brasília – DFGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Reinhart DR, Cooper DC, Walker BL (1992) Flux chamber design and operation for the measurement of municipal solid waste landfill gas emission rates. J Air Waste Manag Assoc 42(8):1067–1070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Favery RLT, Manzatto MP, Moretto RL, De Almeida GHTDD, Miguel MG, Teixeira EN (2016) Study of influential factors on the compaction of municipal solid waste in lysimeters. In: Proceedings of 31st international conference on solid waste technology and management, ICSW2016, Philadelphia, Widener University, pp 548–558, 3–6 April 2016Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barlaz MA, Staley BF, de los Reyes FL (2010) Anaerobic biodegradation of solid waste. In: Mitchell R, Gu J (eds) Environmental microbiology. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 281–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    ASTM D 422-63 (2007) Standard test method for particle-size analysis of soils. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ASTM D 854-14 (2014) Standard test methods for specific gravity of soil solids by water pycnometer. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    ASTM D 4318-10 (2010) Standard test method for liquid limit, plastic limit and plasticity index of soils. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ASTM D 427-04 (2004) Test method for shrinkage factors of soils by the mercury method (Withdrawn 2008), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASTM D2216-10 (2010) Standard test methods for laboratory determination of water (Moisture) content of soil and rock by mass, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    ASTM D 5856-15 (2015) Standard test method for measurement of hydraulic conductivity of porous material using a rigid-wall, compaction-mold permeameter. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PAGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ASTM D2487 (2011) Standard practice for classification of soils for engineering purposes (unified soil classification system). Standard language: EnglishGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caio Satoshi Misawa
    • 1
  • Marina Mostiack Pomaleski
    • 1
  • Rafael Souza Rodrigues dos Santos
    • 1
  • Miriam Gonçalves Miguel
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.University of CampinasCampinasBrazil

Personalised recommendations