Temperature Variation Under the Consideration of Convection and Heat Generation in Landfills

  • Hao LeiEmail author
  • Jianyong Shi
  • Xun Wu
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Heat generation occurs in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills due to degradation of the organic fraction of the MSW, which results in elevated temperature. There is a great influence on the temperature distribution from leachate migration in landfills. Therefore, it is beneficial to the operation and management of the landfill to study the thermal evolution in a landfill under the effect of heat generation and heat convection. In this paper, the heat convection-diffusion model of landfill is established, and the analytical solution of the equation is obtained. The solution is used to analyze the variation of temperature under the effect of heat generation and heat convection in a landfill. The existing theory is verified by the measured data, and the influencing factors are analyzed. The calculation results show that convection in the landfill and heat generation parameters all have great influence on the temperature of the landfill. When the convection velocity becomes larger, the influence of depth of the atmospheric temperature increases. The temperature of the landfill increases with the increase of peak heat generation rate factor A.


Landfill Temperature distribution Convection-diffusion Heat generation 



The current study was financially supported by the key fund of China Natural Science Foundation (41530637) and the general fund of China Natural Science Foundation (41372268).


  1. Feng SJ, Jiao Y, Zheng QT (2014) Research on leachate recirculation in landfills with considering MSW stratification. Chin J Undergr Space Eng 10(6):1263–1269Google Scholar
  2. Gholamifard S, Eymard R, Duquennoi C (2008) Modeling anaerobic bioreactor landfills in methanogenic phase: long term and short term behaviors. Water Res 42(20):5061–5071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hanson JL, Liu WL, Yesiller N (2008) Analytical and numerical methodology for modeling temperatures in landfills. Geotech Spec Publ 78(177):2599–2604Google Scholar
  4. Hanson JL, Yeşiller N, Onnen MT et al (2013) Development of numerical model for predicting heat generation and temperatures in msw landfills. Waste Manag 33(10):1993–2000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Haynes WM (2011) CRC handbook of chemistry and physics, 95th edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 882–920Google Scholar
  6. Krushelnitzky RP, Brachman RWI (2013) Buried high-density polyethylene pipe deflections at elevated temperatures. Geotext Geomembr 40(5):69–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Liu XD, Shi JY, Qian XD et al (2012) Biodegradation behavior of municipal solid waste with liquid aspects: experiment and verification. J Environ Eng 139(12):1488–1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Rowe RK, Islam MZ (2009) Impact of landfill liner time-temperature history on the service life of hdpe geomembranes. Waste Manag 29(10):2689–2699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Southen JM, Rowe RK (2011) Numerical modelling of thermally induced desiccation of geosynthetic clay liners observed in laboratory experiments. Geosynth Int 18(5):289–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Yesiller N, Hanson JL, Liu WL (2005) Heat generation in municipal solid waste landfills. J Geotech Geoenviron 131(11):1330–1344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Yeşiller N, Hanson JL, Yee EH (2015) Waste heat generation: a comprehensive review. Waste Manag 42:166–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Yoshida H, Rowe RK (2003) Consideration of landfill liner temperature. In: Proceedings SardiniaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Geomechanics and Embankment EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations