Opening of an Environmentally Friendly Landfill of Non-hazardous Industrial Waste as Support for Closing an Uncontrolled Waste Landfill

  • Ernest OlinicEmail author
  • Tatiana Olinic
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


The paper refers to the closure of two old dumps, one for hazardous waste and one for non-hazardous waste. The hazardous waste landfill is bordered by perimeter dykes with dimensions of 80 × 80 m. Its closure was achieved by the execution of a closure system in accordance with the European legislation in force. In order to design and execute the closure of the non-hazardous waste landfill it is necessary to relocate waste in order to obtain 1: 3 slopes. Under these conditions, the maximum capacity of the closed landfill is 89500 m3, resulting a deficit of 191100 m3 of waste for which there is no possibility of relocation to the site. An alternative solution to waste relocation is to build a support structure on the eastern side of the existing landfill to ensure waste stability. A classical support structure (retaining wall, piles, etc.) will have very large dimensions and will involve significant economic efforts. An optimal solution is to build a filling up to the level of the existing deposit, i.e. to make an ecological landfill of non-hazardous industrial waste. The paper deals also with the regulations that had to be followed and the difficulties to obtain construction authorization.


Old dump Landfills closure Waste stability 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical and Foundation EngineeringTechnical University of Civil Engineering BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering and Land ReclamationUniversity of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine BucharestBucharestRomania

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