Asian Foundations

  • Robin Ramcharan
  • Bertrand Ramcharan


Stunning evidence of Asian roots of the Universal Declaration in the form of Asian constitutional provisions is presented in this chapter. The UN Division of Human Rights drew upon ten Asian constitutions when it assembled the first draft of the future UDHR. Strong traces of the new humanism enshrined in the UDHR were already found in many Asian constitutions at the time of the drafting of the UDHR. Provisions from Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Siam (now Thailand), Syria, and Turkey are outlined in this chapter.


Asia Foundation Human Rights constitutionalismConstitutionalism Turkish Citizens Personal Immunity 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Ramcharan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bertrand Ramcharan
    • 3
  1. 1.Webster UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Asia CentreBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Emeritus President, UPR InfoAlythUK

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