Rural Economy and Poverty in the Myanmar Delta: A Case Study of Ahmar Sub-township, Ayeyarwady Region

  • Myint Thida
  • Nwe Yin Min
  • Khin Myat Myat Mon
  • Nyi Nyi Aung


This study highlights the poverty in the rural area of Ahmar, Ayeyarwady Region, the underlying reasons causing poverty, the consequences of poverty and the means to reduce poverty in the area. In Ahmar Sub-township, poverty is directly related to the economy of the area. Rural economic activities such as agriculture, fishing and making thatch play important roles in the economy. Most people are poor; they earn only about US$ 1 per day. In agriculture, monocropping is mainly practised due to the saline soils in this area. Agriculture is not very successful because saltwater intrudes into the paddy fields at the end of each rainy season. Some local people own areas of Nippa land that produces leaves twice a year. Some are fishermen who catch fish along the streams. They have permission to fish in the streams from the persons who got a licence for fishing from the government. Migration, labour shortage, high dropout rate from school, early marriage, high fertility, low life expectancy and poor access to healthcare are found as consequences of poverty. The objectives of this chapter are to examine the rural economic activities that cause poverty in this rural area, to understand the present socio-economic conditions of the people who live in the area and to explore the consequences of poverty and the means to reduce the poverty in the area. To present this chapter, primary data were collected. The participatory rural appraisal approach was applied to obtain the primary data and to get a thorough understanding of the rural economy and poverty in the area.


Rural economy Poverty Education Life expectancy Migration 


  1. Aluko, O., 2012, Impact of poverty on housing conditions in Nigeria: A case study of Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State, Journal of African Studies and Development Vol. 4(3), pp. 81–89, April 2012, from (
  2. Cobbinah, P.B., Black, R. & Thwaites, R., 2013, Dynamics of Poverty in Developing Countries: Review of Poverty Reduction Approaches, Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 6, No. 9. pp. 25–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Deguara, A., 2008, The faces of the poor: A sociological review of poverty in contemporary Europe and Malta, From
  4. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), 2016, London International Model United Nations. 17th Session, from (
  5. Gouda, M.S., Sekher, T.V., 2014, Factors Leading to School Dropouts in India: An Analysis of National Family Health Survey-3 Data, IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education Volume 4, Issue 6 Ver. III (Nov–Dec. 2014), PP 75–83 (www. Scholar
  6. Knowles, J. C., 2000, A look at poverty in the developing countries of Asia, East-West Center Asia-Pacific Population and Policy, No. 52, January, pp.1–4.Google Scholar
  7. Lehning, A. J., Vu, C. M., & Pintak, I., 2006, Theories of poverty: Findings from textbooks on human behaviour and the social environment, In Understanding poverty from multiple social science perspectives Bay Area Social Services Consortium, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  8. Mendola, M., 2006, Rural out-migration and economic development at Origin: What do we know?, University of Milano-Bicocca and Centro Studi L. d’Agliano.,Sussex Migration Working Paper No 40.Google Scholar
  9. Todaro, P.M., Smith, S.C., 2006, Economic Development, 9th Ed., Washington D.C.: Pearson Education, Harlow.Google Scholar
  10. Than Htike Oo and Myo Myo, 2009, ‘Experts push for assistance to paddy farmers,’ Myanmar Times, Volume 23, No. 457.Google Scholar
  11. UNDP, 2014, Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerability and Building Resilience, Human Development Report, United Nations Development Programme, New York.Google Scholar
  12. World Bank, 2014, Myanmar: Ending poverty and boosting shared prosperity in a time of transition, Report 93050, World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Myint Thida
    • 1
  • Nwe Yin Min
    • 2
  • Khin Myat Myat Mon
    • 2
  • Nyi Nyi Aung
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyHinthada UniversityHinthadaMyanmar
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of YangonYangonMyanmar
  3. 3.Nationalities and Youth Resource Development Degree CollegeYangonMyanmar

Personalised recommendations