Effects of Rural-Urban Migration on Agricultural Production in Taungdwingyi Township, Magway Region, Myanmar
- 340 Downloads
This study examines the effects of rural-urban migration on agricultural production in Taungdwingyi Township, Magway Region, Myanmar. It will focus on the relationship between rural-urban migration and agricultural development in this area. The purpose of the study is to make an analysis and give insights on rural-urban migration and its effects on agricultural development, focusing on three villages in this area. In this study, the structured interview questionnaires are used to collect data from the respondents in this area. Both primary data and secondary data are also used in it. The structured interview and qualitative methods of household survey based on the theoretical concept proposed by Ravenstein and Lee will be applied to this project. According to Ravenstein’s theory, there are three main areas for investigation. First, this study will focus on the reasons why people migrate from rural to urban areas. Second, where are migrants distributed, internally or internationally? Third, characteristics of migrants such as gender, age group, level of education and family status will be examined. The study supports a policy aimed at reducing rural-urban migration flows by using the results of the study to persuade the government to provide technical supplies and adequate extension services, and to give subsidies in order to achieve a significant breakthrough in the agricultural sector.
KeywordsRural-urban migration Internally Internationally Subsidies
- AAG Center for Global Geography Education, [website], 2011, http://cgge.aag.org/Migration1e/ConceptualFramework_Jan10/ConceptualFramework_Jan105.htm (Accessed 10 September 2016)
- Ampomah, A., ‘The effect of rural-urban migration on agricultural production in the northern region of Ghana’, Journal of Agricultural Science and Applications, Volume 2, Issue 4 Dec. 2013, pp. 193–200Google Scholar
- AP Human Geography Migration, [website], 2008, https://sites.google.com/site/aphumangeographymigration/economic-push-and-pull-factors, (Accessed 5 December 2013).
- Fellmann and Getis, Human Geography, Landscapes of Human Activities, Macmillan Publishing Company, a division of Macmillan Inc, 1985.Google Scholar
- Lee E.S., ‘A Theory of Migration’, Demography, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 47–57, Springer on behalf of the Population Association of America.Google Scholar
- McCatty M., ‘The Process of Rural- Urban Migration in Developing Countries’, B.A Hons Thesis, Carleton University, 2004.Google Scholar
- Okhankhuele O.T. and Opafunso O.Z, ‘Causes and Consequences of Rural- Urban Migration Nigeria: A Case Study of Ogun Waterside Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria’, British Journal of Art and Social Science, vol. 16, no. 1, 2013, pp. 185–194.Google Scholar
- Rubenstein, J. M., ‘An Introduction to Human Geography’, New Jersey, Pearson Education, 2003.Google Scholar
- The push-pull factors of migration, [website], 2015, https://www.tutor2u.net/geography/reference/the-push-pull-factors-of-migration, (accessed January 2016)