The Impact of Floods on the Socio-Economic Activities of Yangon

  • Nwe Nwe Aung
  • San San Htwe
  • Kyi Kyi Sein
  • Lei Lei Aung


Yangon is the largest city in Lower Myanmar and principal seaport. It is also the country’s main center for trade, industry, real estate, media, entertainment and tourism. The city alone represents about one-fifth of the national economy. As the population of Yangon is growing fast, local authorities face urgent challenges to improve the water supply, sanitation and drainage. Increasing the water quality and facilities, in order to offer access to safe drinking water in every household and building, is urgent. At present the city still encounters problems such as urban flooding and traffic congestion especially during the monsoon. Now, the authorities try to solve these problems. The impact of flooding is driven by a combination of natural and human-induced factors such as the inadequate drainage system and waste disposal. The objectives of this research are to examine the causes and effects of flooding on the environment and socio-economic activities of the people of Yangon city to highlight measures to improve the health and living conditions of the residents, and propose measures to improve the economic functioning of the city. Descriptive survey design is adopted in this study applying qualitative methodology. Data for this study are gathered from inhabitants of the study area, personal observation and from secondary sources. This study recommends enforcement of environmental laws that will restrict dumping of waste into the water body and sponsoring of public awareness and educative programs on how human activities have contributed to flood occurrence.


Impact Flood Socio-economic activities 



We would like to express our very great appreciation to Professor Dr. Helen James, The Australian National University and Professors at ANU for their valuable and constructive lectures and suggestions during the planning and development of Myanmar’s researchers’ group. Their willingness to give their time so generously has been very much appreciated.

Our special thanks are extended to Professor Dr. Pho Kaung, Rector, Professor Dr. Ohnmar Kyaw and Professor Dr. Aung Kyaw, Pro-rectors, Yangon University, for their permission to attend the training and encouragement for this research. We would like to express our thanks to Dr. Cho Cho Oo, Professor and Head of Industrial Chemistry Department, University of Yangon. We wish to thank the staff of YCDC for their facts and figures in doing this research. Finally, we would like to thank Dr. Khin Myo Wai and U Khin Maung Win (Managing Director, Myanmar Water Engineering & Products Co., Ltd) for their valuable technical support on this project.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nwe Nwe Aung
    • 1
  • San San Htwe
    • 2
  • Kyi Kyi Sein
    • 2
  • Lei Lei Aung
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Industrial ChemistryYadanabon UniversityMandalayMyanmar
  2. 2.Department of Industrial ChemistryUniversity of YangonYangonMyanmar

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