Multi-faceted Dilemmas: Politics and the Changing Dynamics of Civil–Military Relations—A Global Synopsis

  • Steven RatuvaEmail author


This chapter critically examines the multi-faceted nexus between the military and citizenry in the context of the changing political and ideological climate. It makes the argument that militaries are fundamentally political in terms of their ideological and operational essence. They operate within a political space, engage with political players, and their operational ethos are defined in political terms. Wars are fundamentally political, peacekeeping is political, and any form of intervention, whether internal or external, is political in nature. With this in mind, this chapter provides a brief overview of selected trends in contemporary civil–military relations with particular emphasis on the political nature of the military, dilemmas of post-colonial militaries, the changing face of militaries, the relationship between military coercion and hegemony, the military in ethnically complex societies, the issue of privatization of the military, and the growing phenomenon of the military–industrial complex.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Macmillan Brown Center for Pacific StudiesUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand

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