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Sisal Fibers Reinforced Epoxidized Nonedible Oils Based Epoxy Green Composites and Its Potential Applications

Chapter
Part of the Textile Science and Clothing Technology book series (TSCT)

Abstract

Renewable resourced polymer composites from vegetable oils and bio-fibers are receiving increasing attention from various industries due to their characteristics of being less heavy, environment friendly, and biodegradable. Lignocellulosic natural fibers have immense potential to be used as reinforcing fillers due to their characteristics of being less expensive, abundant obtainability, lower density, higher specific strength and modulus, and good interfacial strength with thermoset polymers. In this chapter, epoxidized nonedible linseed and castor oils are proposed as a diluent to petro-based epoxy in formulating toughened bio-based copolymers. Unidirectional sisal fibers were reinforced within a network of such bio-epoxy copolymers in order to achieve an optimal stiffness–toughness balance. Cardanol based phenalkamine, a bio-renewable crosslinker, is used to develop well toughened sustainable and green composite materials. The composites were subjected to various thermal, mechanical, dynamic mechanical, and morphological tests to investigate the impact of nonedible epoxidized oils and sisal fibers in addition to the petro-based epoxy matrix. The present study shows the method for design and development of novel sustainable green composites with higher bio-source content (>65%) meant for shock absorbing applications. These green materials may find good space in making high-performance engineering applications in automotive, structural, construction, and building sectors.

Keywords

Renewable resources Epoxidized oils Bio-fibers Green composites Mechanical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Government of India is highly acknowledged for NPDF funding support (File number: PDF/2015/000705).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Polymer and Process EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeUttarakhandIndia

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