Evaluation of Response Reduction Factor for Un-reinforced Masonry-Infilled RC Buildings

  • Nirav PatelEmail author
  • Sandip A. Vasanwala
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 757)


The design of earthquake-resistant structures has been a challenge as well as a motivation for all designers. The design philosophy which includes seismic resistant idea by the nonlinear response of the structure via appropriate Response reduction factor (R). R is a most imperative number which illustrates the potential of the structure to dissipate energy through inelastic behavior. It grants the designer permission to apply a linear elastic force-based design for consideration of nonlinear (NL) behaviour and deformation limits. This R factor is unique and different on behalf of the type of structures and design. However, Indian Standards IS 1893:2002 Agarwal and Shrikhande (Earthquake-resistant design of structures [1], 2010) gives the sole value of R based on the particular category of detailing and type of structures and design. The NL Static Analysis was used to evaluate R for G + 5-story buildings with various infill wall conditions. These findings are noteworthy for Indian seismic design code which, at hand, does not capture into account the deviation in R.


Earthquake-resistant structure Response reduction factor Pushover Infill walls 


  1. 1.
    I.S 1893 (Part1): Indian Standard Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures Part-1 General Provisions and Buildings. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ATC-19: Structural Response Modification Factors ATC-19 Report. Applied Technology Council Redwood City California (1995)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    FEMA Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilitation of building (FEMA-356). Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington (USA) (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Patel, N., Vyas, P.: Evaluation of Response Modification Factor For Moment Resisting Frames. Kalpa Publications in Civil Engineering (2017)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mondal, A., Ghosh, S., Reddy, G.R.: Performance-based evaluation of the response reduction factor for ductile RC frames. Eng. Struct. 56, 1808–1819 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Miranda, E., Bertero, V.V.: Evaluation of strength reduction factors for earthquake resistant design. Earthq. Spectra 10(2), 357–359 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kappos, A.J.: Evaluation of behavior factors on the basis of ductility and over strength studies. Eng. Struct. 21(1999), 823–835 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    ATC-34: A Critical Review of Current Approaches to Earthquake-Resistant Design, Applied Technology Council (1995)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    IS 13920L: Indian Standard Code of Practice for Ductile Detailing of Reinforced Concrete Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi (1993)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ATC 40: Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, Volume ATC-40 Report, Applied Technology Council (1996)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    ASCE SEI/ASCE 7-05. Minimum design loads for buildings and other structures. Reston (USA): American Society of Civil Engineers (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SVNITSuratIndia
  2. 2.Navrachana UniversityVadodaraIndia

Personalised recommendations