On a Temporal Preposition in the Baoding Dialect—Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives

Part of the Frontiers in Chinese Linguistics book series (FiCL, volume 5)


There is a special temporal marker in the Baoding dialect to express the temporal relation of two sequential events: 投 tho22. We consider this maker as a preposition, which precedes its nominal objects corresponding to the postposition 之前/以前 zhīqián/yĭqián ‘before’ in Standard Mandarin. This paper firstly analyses the aspectual and the semantic features of the elements following 投 tho22 and the conditions constraining the 投 tho22 phrase. The source of 投 tho22 and its evolutionary development from Ancient Chinese ‘to throw’ [verb] to Modern Chinese (Baoding) ‘before’ [preposition] through Medieval Chinese are further discussed.

List of Abbreviations


First singular personal pronoun


First plural personal pronoun


First plural personal pronoun inclusive


Second singular personal pronoun


Third singular personal pronoun


Second plural personal pronoun


Third plural personal pronoun






Completive aspect


Particle expressing a change of state


Experiential aspect marker




Interrogative particle


Negative marker (adverb)


Preverbal object marker




Perfective aspect marker




Final particle




Relative marker


Resultative complement


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Copyright information

© Peking University Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Ecole des Hautes études en Sciences SocialesParisFrance
  2. 2.Institut National des Langues et Civilisations OrientalesParisFrance

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