Input–Output Models of Organizational Structures

  • Raymond R. TanEmail author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
  • Joost R. Santos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering book series (LNMIE)


The interactions among groups of employees or staff in organizational units involve transactions that are analogous to those reflected in large-scale input–output models. The main difference is that, in an organization, the interactions of personnel with internal or external customers are often measured in terms of time (e.g., person-hours), in contrast to the monetary and physical units used in traditional input–output models. This chapter discusses organizational input–output models based on this concept. A case study is solved under different scenarios to illustrate the framework, and the corresponding LINGO model formulations are given.


Human resources Organizational input–output model Workforce allocation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond R. Tan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
    • 1
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
    • 1
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
    • 2
  • Joost R. Santos
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.School of EconomicsDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Management and SystemsGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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