Input–Output Models of Infrastructure Systems

  • Raymond R. TanEmail author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
  • Joost R. Santos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering book series (LNMIE)


Infrastructure systems consisting of mutually interdependent components are common in modern urban settings. Such systems are constantly at risk of cascading failure from various triggering events or perturbations. Consequently, such perturbations cause indirect ripple effects to other interdependent systems, which can propagate through the network as inoperability. Inoperability input–output models are extensions of input–output models that can represent the flow of inoperability through such critical infrastructure systems. Such models are discussed in this chapter, supported by illustrative examples and corresponding LINGO code.


Critical infrastructure systems Perturbation Ripple effects Inoperability Inoperability input–output models 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond R. Tan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
    • 1
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
    • 1
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
    • 2
  • Joost R. Santos
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.School of EconomicsDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Management and SystemsGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

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