Introduction to Input–Output Models

  • Raymond R. TanEmail author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
  • Joost R. Santos
Part of the Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering book series (LNMIE)


This chapter provides a general introduction to input–output analysis and input–output models. A brief description of the historical development of the framework, leading to its widespread use, is given. A qualitative discussion of the general framework is presented, followed by a discussion of the key assumptions that underlie input–output models as well as the resultant limitations. The chapter also provides an overview of the rest of the book.


Input–output analysis Leontief inverse Economics 


  1. 1.
    Albino V, Kuhtz S (2004) Enterprise input-output model for local sustainable development—the case of tiles manufacturer in Italy. Resour Conserv Recycl 41:165–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chen K (1973) Input-output economic analysis of environmental impact. IEEE Trans Syst Man Cybern 6:539–547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Correa H, Correa V (1996) An application of input-output analysis to the administration of a library. Libr Inf Sci Res 18:343–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Correa H, Guajardo SA (2001) An application of input–output analysis to a city’s municipal government. Socio-Econ Plann Sci 35:83–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Correa H, Parker BR (2005) An application of organizational input–output analysis to hospital management. Socio-Econ Plann Sci 39:307–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Geoffrion AM (1976) The purpose of mathematical programming is insight, not numbers. Interfaces 7:81–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hannon B (1973) The structure of ecosystems. J Theor Biol 41:535–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heijungs R, Suh S (2002) The computational structure of life cycle assessment. Springer, Dordrecht, NetherlandsCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hubacek K, Giljum S (2003) Applying physical input-output analysis to estimate land appropriation (ecological footprints) of international trade activities. Ecol Econ 44:137–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Leontief W (1936) Quantitative input and output relations in the economic system of the United States. Rev Econ Stat 18:105–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond R. Tan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathleen B. Aviso
    • 1
  • Michael Angelo B. Promentilla
    • 1
  • Krista Danielle S. Yu
    • 2
  • Joost R. Santos
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.School of EconomicsDe La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Department of Engineering Management and SystemsGeorge Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations