Advertisement

Identifying Suitable Soil Health Indicators Under Variable Climate Scenarios: A Ready Reckoner for Soil Management

  • Joydeep Mukherjee
  • Nilimesh Mridha
  • Surajit Mondal
  • Debasish Chakraborty
  • Amit Kumar
Chapter

Abstract

The increase of greenhouse gas emissions due to anthropogenic activities is continuously changing the climate. The soil is the important factor for the global food production and also responsible for three important greenhouse gases, viz. carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. These gases are highly contributing in the global warming, which directly affects the soil health. The change in physical, chemical and biological properties of soil system changes the organic carbon content, nitrogen mineralization, availability of essential nutrients and soil hydrological properties, along with the soil aggregate changes. Increased soil temperature is also enhancing the microbial activities in the soil and ultimately causes the decrease in the soil organic carbon and increase the gaseous carbon emission. In the present chapter, the maintenance of the soil health and soil quality in the variable climate are discussed, and the agricultural practices such as maintaining permanent vegetative cover on the soil surface, crop residue incorporation and lowest disturbed soil are recommended to protect the soil surface. These methods also support to mitigate the greenhouse gas emission from the agriculture soil.

Keywords

Soil health Climate change Greenhouse gas Global Warming and CO2 

References

  1. Aggarwal PK, Nagarajan S, Shibu ME, Ramakrishna YS (2005) Impacts of climate change scenarios on Indian agriculture. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. Amatekpor JK (1989) The effect of seasonal flooding on the clay mineralogy of a soil series in the Volta lake drawdown area, Ghana. Land Degrad Rehabil 1:89–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Batjes NH (1996) Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. Eur J Soil 47:151–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhatia A, Kumar A, Kumar V, Jain N (2013a) Low carbon option for sustainable agriculture. Ind Farming 63(2):18–22Google Scholar
  5. Bhatia A, Kumar AK, Das TK, Singh J, Jain N, Pathak H (2013b) Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from soils under direct seeded rice. Int J Agri Sci Statist 9(2):729–736Google Scholar
  6. Bhatia A, Kumar V, Kumar A, Tomer R, Singh B, Singh SD (2013c) Effect of elevated ozone and carbon dioxide interaction on growth and yield of maize. Maydica 58:291–229Google Scholar
  7. Bowman WD, Strain BR (1987) Interaction between CO2 enrichment and salinity stress in the C4 non-halophyte Andropogon glomeratus (Walter) BSP. Plant Cell Environ 10:267–270Google Scholar
  8. Brady NC, Weil RR (2004) Elements of the nature and properties of soils, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  9. Brinkman R (1982) Clay transformations: aspects of equilibrium and kinetics. In: Bolt GH (ed) Soil chemistry B physicochemical models developments in soil science 5B, 2nd edn. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 33–458Google Scholar
  10. Brinkman R (1985) Mineralogy and surface properties of the clay fraction affecting soil behavior and management. In: Woodhead T (ed) Soil physics and rice. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, pp 161–182Google Scholar
  11. Brinkman R (1990) Resilience against climate change? Soil minerals, transformations and surface properties, Eh, pH. In: Scharpenseel HW, Schomaker M, Ayoub A (eds) Soils on a warmer earth. Elsevier, London, pp 51–60Google Scholar
  12. Bumb B, Baanante C (1996) World trends in fertilizer use and projections to 2020. 2020 brief #38. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. Buol SW, Sanchez PA, Kimble JM, Weed SB (1990) Predicted impact of climatic warming on soil properties and use. Ame Soc Agron Special Publ 53:71–82Google Scholar
  14. Burke IC, Yonker CM, Parton WJ, Cole CV, Flach K, Schimel DS (1989) Texture, climate, and cultivation effects on soil organic matter content in U.S. grassland soils. Soil Sci Soc Ame J 53:800–805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cline W (2007) Global warming and agriculture: impact estimates by country. Center for global development, Washington DC, p 250Google Scholar
  16. Dalal R, Chan KY (2001) Soil organic matter in rainfed cropping systems of the Australian cereal belt. Austral J Soil Res 39:435–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dubroeucq D, Volkoff B (1988) Evolution des couverturespédologiquessableuses à podzolsgéantsd’ Amazonie (Bassin du haut Rio Negro). Cahiers ORSTOM, Série Pédologie 24(3):191–214Google Scholar
  18. Easterling WE, Aggarwal PK, Batima P, Brander KM, Erda L, Howden SM, Kirilenko A, Morton J, Soussana JF, Schmidhuber J, Tubiello FN (2007) Food, fibre and forest products. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Climate change: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 273–313Google Scholar
  19. Fagodiya RK, Pathak H, Kumar A, Bhatia A, Jain N (2017a) Global temperature change potential of nitrogen use in agriculture: a 50-year assessment. Sci Rep 7:44928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fagodiya RK, Pathak H, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Singh SD, Jain N, Harith R (2017b) Simulation of maize (Zea mays L.) yield under alternative nitrogen fertilization using Infocrop-maize model. Biochem Cell Arch 17(1):65–71Google Scholar
  21. Goryachkin SV, Targulian VO (1990) Climate-induced changes of the boreal and sub-polar soil. In: Scharpenseel HW, Schomaker M, Ayoub A (eds) Soil on a warmer earth. Institute of Geography USSR Academy of Science, Moscow, pp 191–209Google Scholar
  22. Gupta DK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Chakrabati B, Jain N, Pathak H (2015) Global warming potential of rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic plains. Ind J Agri Sci 85(6):807–816Google Scholar
  23. Gupta DK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Das TK, Jain N, Tomer R, Fagodiya RK, Dubey R, Malyan SK, Pathak H (2016a) Mitigation of greenhouse gas emission from rice wheat system of the Indo Gangetic plains: through tillage, irrigation and fertilizer management. Agric Ecosyst Environ 230:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gupta DK, Bhatia A, Das TK, Singh P, Kumar A, Jain N, Pathak H (2016b) Economic analysis of different greenhouse gas mitigation technologies in rice–wheat cropping system of the Indo-Gangetic plains. Curr Sci 110(5):867–873Google Scholar
  25. Halpin PN (1993) Ecosystems at risk to potential climate change. Contractor report prepared for the office of technology assessmentGoogle Scholar
  26. Huang HP, Newman M, Seager R, Kushnir Y, Participating CMIP2+ Modeling Groups (2004) Relationship between tropical pacific SST and global atmospheric angular momentum in coupled models, LDEO Report, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York, USA, p 43Google Scholar
  27. IPCC (2007) Summary for policy makers climate change 2007: synthesis report impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds) Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 273–313Google Scholar
  28. IPCC (2014) Climate change 2014. The physical science basis. In: Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner M, Tignor SK, Allen J, Boschung A, Nauels Y, Bex V, Midgley PM (eds) Contribution of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York, p 1535Google Scholar
  29. Janzen HH (2004) Carbon cycling in earth systems – a soil science perspective. Agric Ecosyst Environ 104:399–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jastrow JD, Miller RM, Matamala R, Norby RJ, Boutton TW, Rice CW, Owensby CE (2005) Elevated atmospheric CO2 increases soil carbon. Glob Chang Biol 11:2057–2064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kumar K, Kavi S, Parikh J (2001a) Socio-economic impacts of climate change on Indian agriculture. Inter Rev Environ Strate 2(2):277–293Google Scholar
  32. Kumar K, Kavi S, Parikh J (2001b) Indian agriculture and climate sensitivity. Glob Environ Chang 11:147–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kumar A, Tomer R, Bhatia A, Jain N, Pathak H (2016) Greenhouse gas mitigation in Indian agriculture. In: Pathak H, Chakrabarti B (eds) Climate change and agriculture technologies for enhancing resilience. ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, pp 137–149Google Scholar
  34. Lal R, Griffin M, Apt J, Lave L, Morgan MG (2004) Managing soil carbon science using soybean and sunflower. Nat Resour Res 14(1):65–76Google Scholar
  35. Lucas Y, Boulet R, Chauvel A, Veillon L (1987) Systèmes sols ferrallitiques-podzolsenrégionamazonienne. In: Righi D, Chauvel A (eds) Podzolsetpodzolisation. AFES-INRA, Paris, pp 53–68Google Scholar
  36. Maas EV (1986) Salt tolerance of plants. Appl Agric Res 1:12–26Google Scholar
  37. Malyan SK, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Singh R, Kumar SS, Tomer R, Kumar O, Gupta DK, Jain N (2016a) Methane production, oxidation and mitigation: a mechanistic understanding and comprehensive evaluation of influencing factors. Sci Total Environ 572(1):874–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Malyan SK, Kumar A, Kumar J, Smita Kumar S (2016b) Water management tool in rice to combat two major environmental issues: global warming and water scarcity. In: Kumar S, Beg MA (eds) Environmental concerns of 21st century: Indian and global context. Book Age publication, New Delhi, pp 46–58Google Scholar
  39. McKyes E, Sethi A, Yong RN (1974) Amorphous coatings on particles of sensitive clay soils. Clay Clay Miner 22:427–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mina U, Kumar R, Gogoi R, Bhatia A, Harit RC, Singh D, Kumar A, Kumar A (2017) Effect of elevated temperature and carbon dioxide on maize genotypes health index. Ecol Indic.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.08.060R
  41. Muckel GB, Mausbach MJ (1996) Soil quality information sheets. In: Doran JW, Jones AJ (eds) Methods for assessing soil quality. Soil Science Society of America, Inc., WisconsinGoogle Scholar
  42. Paillat JM, Robin P, Hassouna M, Leterme P (2005) Predicting ammonia and carbon dioxide emissions from carbon and nitrogen biodegradability during animal waste composting. Atmos Environ 39:6833–6842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Pathak H, Pramanik P, Khanna M, Kumar A (2014) Climate change and water availability in Indian agriculture: impacts and adaptation Ind. J Agric Sci 84(6):671–679Google Scholar
  44. Pathak H, Jain N, Bhatia A, Kumar A, Chatterjee D (2016) Improved nitrogen management: a key to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Ind J Fert 12:151–162Google Scholar
  45. Rustad LE, Campbell JL, Marion GM, Norby RJ, Mitchell MJ, Hartley AE, Cornelissen JHC, Gurevitch J (2001) A meta-analysis of the response of soil respiration, net N mineralization and above-ground plant growth to experimental ecosystem warming. Oecologica 126:543–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Smith P, Martino D, Cai Z, Gwary D, Janzen H, Kumar P, McCarl B, Ogle S, O’Mara F, Rice C, Scholes B, Sirotenko O (2007) Agriculture. In: Metz B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA (eds) Climate change 2007: mitigation. contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  47. Sombroek WG (1990) Soils on a warmer earth: the tropical regions. In: Scharpenseel HW, Schomaker M, Ayoub A (eds) Soil on a warmer earth. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 157–174Google Scholar
  48. Sombroek, WG, Zonneveld LS (1971) Ancient dune fields and fluviatile deposits in the Rima-Sokoto river basin (NW Nigeria) Stiboka (Staring Centre) Soil Survey Paper 5, p 109Google Scholar
  49. Tomer R, Bhatia A, Kumar V, Kumar A, Singh R, Singh B, Singh SD (2014) Impact of elevated ozone on growth, yield and nutritional quality of two wheat species in northern India. Aerosol Air Qual Res 15:329–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Van Breemen N (1990) Impact of anthropogenic atmospheric pollution on soils. In: Climate change and soil processes. UNEP, Nairobi, pp 137–144Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joydeep Mukherjee
    • 1
  • Nilimesh Mridha
    • 1
  • Surajit Mondal
    • 1
  • Debasish Chakraborty
    • 1
  • Amit Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Agricultural PhysicsICAR- Indian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyDayalbagh Educational InstituteAgraIndia

Personalised recommendations