Part of the International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development book series (CHILD, volume 24)


Principles of democratic education that frame this book are summarised in this conclusion. These go back to Athenian times and are extended by consideration of contemporary models of democracy in education that are capable of both generating “a good life” for persons and being “good for society”. The meaning of these values is itself a matter for democratic debate. Democracy in education is considered in relation to the interactions within ECEC settings amongst teachers and participants, in relation to the nature of ECEC provision and in relation to the policy settings that frame ECEC. Tensions that have arisen in New Zealand between aspirations for a democratic and public ECEC and oppositional influences of marketisation and privatisation are common to many countries, yet with sound analysis and concerted advocacy, these influences can be challenged and pushed back. In this conclusion, I bring together findings from the chapters to examine what conditions might be needed for integrated and democratic early childhood education provision in Aotearoa New Zealand, the progress made to date and what changes are needed for the future. This book was finalised in early 2018, only 4 months after a new left-leaning Labour-led government came into power in Aotearoa New Zealand. Its election and immediate actions during its first 100 days of office have raised hope that the decades of neoliberalism and marketisation may be ousted and replaced with a more humane and socially just approach to children, families, workers and education.


ECEC Settings Early Childhood Education (ECE) Zealanders ECEC Services Working Capital Fund 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationThe University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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