Major Ground Water Development Issues in South Asia: An Overview

  • S. P. Sinha Ray
  • Abhijit Ray


The complex nature of ground water problems in South Asia, i.e., India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar, requires an in-depth analysis of the ground water regimes in different hydrogeological framework including ground water quality. Major ground water problems which require effective management include overexploitation, chemical contamination, seawater intrusion, and uneven distribution in time and space. Suitable policy framework for ground water utilization by individual countries and implementation of measures underlined in the policy need to be taken up.


Ground water Overexploitation Chemical contamination Policy framework South Asia 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. P. Sinha Ray
    • 1
  • Abhijit Ray
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Ground Water StudiesJadavpur, KolkataIndia

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