Investigations on Fabrication Techniques of Aluminium-Based Porous Material

  • Daljeet SinghEmail author
  • Ankesh Mittal
  • Vivek Jain
  • Dheeraj Gupta
  • V. K. Singla
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


The intention of this paper is to investigate the fabrication of aluminium-based porous material. The fabrication is done by two methods: the conventional drilling method and a non-conventional gas-releasing blowing agent technique. The experiments were conducted to compare the optimum value of porosity, compressive strength and metallurgical values. The non-conventional technique results in the aluminium foam with lightweight. The results show that the energy absorption capacity due to constant plateau stress and porosity is high in aluminium foam whereas compressive strength is low in this case. The conventional method has a great advantage to control the pore morphology such as the uniformity of pores, structure of pores. Energy diffraction X-ray spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope techniques are used for characterizing the aluminium metal foam.


Pure aluminium CaCO3 Gas-releasing blowing agent CNC drilling SEM 


  1. 1.
    Izakishi, K.: Porous material. In: Process Technology and Applications. London (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Louis-Philippe, L.: Porous metals and metallic foams, current status and recent developments. Adv. Eng. Mater. 10(9), 775–787 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    John, Banhart: Manufacture, characterisation and application of cellular metals and metal foams. Prog Mater. Sci. 46(6), 559–632 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Noh, R., Razali1, M., Abdullah, B., Muhammad Hussain, I.: Mechanical properties of aluminium foam by conventional casting combined with NaCl space holder. Appl. Mech. Mater. 393, 156–160 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Andy, T.: Fabrication of porous material for micro component application by direct X-ray lithography and sintering. Microelectron. Eng. 98, 297–300 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Michailidis, N., Maliaris, G.: Computational-experimental investigation of milling porous aluminium. CIRP Ann Manuf. Technol. 66, 121–124 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen, C.H., Takita, K., Honda, S., Awaji, H.: Fracture behaviour of cylinderical porous alumina with pore gradient. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 25(4), 385–391 (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hokamoto, K., Shimomiyab, K.: Fabrication of unidirectional porous-structured aluminium through explosive compaction using cylindrical geometry. J. Mater. Process. Tech. 251, 262–266 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shinsuke, S.: Fabrication of porous aluminium alloys with aligned unidirectional pores by dipping pipes into liquid semi-solid base material. Proc. Mater. Sci. 4, 85–89 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daljeet Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ankesh Mittal
    • 2
  • Vivek Jain
    • 1
  • Dheeraj Gupta
    • 1
  • V. K. Singla
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.SLIET LongowalSangrurIndia

Personalised recommendations