Surface Roughness Evaluation of Milled Surfaces by Image Processing of Speckle and White-Light Images

  • J. Mahashar AliEmail author
  • H. Siddhi Jailani
  • M. Murugan
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


An experimental approach for surface roughness measurement based on the speckle images caused by a laser beam on the milled surfaces and the white-light images of the same surfaces is presented. Since the surface slope at every point of the surface influences the speckle pattern, the surface roughness parameters Rda and Rdq were used for comparison. A CMOS camera, LASER and LED light sources were used for capturing speckle and white-light images of the milled surfaces. From the image pixel intensity matrix, a signal vector was generated and was used for the image metric. It is found that standard deviation and mean of the image signal vector correlate well with Ra, Rda and Rdq values measured by a standard Taylor Hobson surface roughness tester. The correlation was found to be better for speckle images than the white-light images.


Surface roughness Machining Vision system Image processing Speckle images Statistical parameters 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Mahashar Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Siddhi Jailani
    • 1
  • M. Murugan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringB. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.School of Mechanical EngineeringVellore Institute of Technology, VITVelloreIndia

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