Two-Phase Validation Scheme for Detection and Prevention of ARP Cache Poisoning

  • Sweta SinghEmail author
  • Dayashankar Singh
  • Aanjey Mani Tripathi
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 713)


In data communication, protocols define the set of rules to ensure communication between the hosts over a network. The operation encounters no issue under normal circumstances, but an attacker always seeks for an opportunity to find a loophole in the system, to exploit the protocols. ARP cache poisoning is the exploitation of ARP protocol where a malicious attacker aims at binding its hardware address, i.e., MAC with a legitimate entity IP over a LAN. This attempt poisons the cache of the other hosts in the network, causing the traffic diversion to the attacker instead of reaching at genuine host’s destination. This paper has proposed a mechanism to validate the new binding received by each host by sending two ICMP probe packets one to the previous binding and other to the new one. New entry of host in the network with no previous entry found in ARP cache is validated using ARP packets to find all the claiming hosts to that IP, used together with ICMP packet to provide a two-phase validation. This scheme being asynchronous in nature also requires no modification in the existing protocol.


Address resolution protocol (ARP) ARP cache poisoning ARP cache spoofing MITM ARP vulnerabilities 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sweta Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dayashankar Singh
    • 1
  • Aanjey Mani Tripathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringMMMUTGorakhpurIndia

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