A Laboratory of Our Own: Technology Diffusion from the Incumbent Regime

  • Logan D. A. WilliamsEmail author


The incumbent regime developed intraocular lenses as a mature technology for the global north by 1984. Meanwhile, experts from the global north deemed the same technology inappropriate for patients in the global south. Before community ophthalmologists in South Asia could create a laboratory of their own, they had to challenge the developmentalist expectations of their local and global peers in the field of ophthalmology. These challengers utilized turnkey technology transfer (or diffusion) to introduce incremental innovations from the incumbent regime into the appropriate technology niche. After South Asian community ophthalmology professionals started manufacturing ophthalmic consumables locally, the intraocular lens became much more affordable for rural patients in the global south. By creating laboratories of their own, they materialized their anti-developmentalist ideology—another cognitive rule.


Community Ophthalmology Intraocular Lens (IOLs) Global South Niche Technology Tilganga 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Logan Williams Consultancy Services, LLCCumberlandUSA

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