Internal Mammary Artery Perforator Flap

  • He-Ping ZhengEmail author
  • Yong-Qing Xu
  • Jian Lin
  • De-Qing Hu


The internal mammary artery perforator flap was first reported by Yu in 2006 for coverage of defects left by tracheostomy or defects by other causes in the anterior aspect of the neck. This perforator flap, an islanded one supplied by a single perforator given off from the internal thoracic artery, enjoys a greater arc of rotation. As a modification of the thoracic triangular flap, this perforator flap has overcome such drawbacks of the thoracic triangular flap as having a broad base, and limited rotational radium.


  1. Yu P, Robin P, Chevray P. Internal mammary artery perforator (IMAP) flap for tracheostoma reconstruction. Head Neck. 2006;28(8):723–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • He-Ping Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong-Qing Xu
    • 2
  • Jian Lin
    • 3
  • De-Qing Hu
    • 4
  1. 1.The 900th Hospital of PLAClinical Anatomic CenterFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Orthopaedic DepartmentKunming General Hospital of PLAKunmingChina
  3. 3.Shanghai JiaoTong UniversityXin-hua Hospital (ChongMing)ShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Orthopaedic DepartmentThe First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina

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