Toe Cutaneous (Perforator) Flap

  • He-Ping ZhengEmail author
  • Yong-Qing Xu
  • Jian Lin
  • De-Qing Hu


Toe skin perforator flap refers to the mini island flap with blood supply provided by proper plantar digital artery and dorsal digital artery. Theoretically speaking, the first to fifth toes can all be used as the donor site of the flap, but the great toe is most frequently used one in clinical practice as the donor site for the flap, followed by the second. The other three toes are seldom used in clinical application.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • He-Ping Zheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong-Qing Xu
    • 2
  • Jian Lin
    • 3
  • De-Qing Hu
    • 4
  1. 1.The 900th Hospital of PLAClinical Anatomic CenterFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Orthopaedic DepartmentKunming General Hospital of PLAKunmingChina
  3. 3.Shanghai JiaoTong UniversityXin-hua Hospital (ChongMing)ShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Orthopaedic DepartmentThe First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina

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