• James J. NedumparaEmail author
  • Weihuan Zhou
  • Archana Subramanian


This chapter draws some overall conclusions and provides observations regarding the significance of the materials and arguments presented in this book to the understanding of and debate on non-market economies. It reiterates the challenges that non-market economies have posed to the world trading system and anticipates that these challenges are likely to remain so that how WTO rules may be utilized or otherwise developed to tackle these challenges will remain crucial for the future of global economic order.


WTO Non-market economies Trade distortions China’s Protocol of Accession 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • James J. Nedumpara
    • 1
    Email author
  • Weihuan Zhou
    • 2
  • Archana Subramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Trade and Investment Law, Indian Institute of Foreign TradeNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of LawUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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