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Investigation of Characteristics of Noise Storm Solar Burst Type I on 11th March 2013

  • Z. S. HamidiEmail author
  • N. N. M. Shariff
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 513)

Abstract

Most type I bursts appear in chains of five or more individual bursts. We studied the event of solar type I solar bursts recorded by the Compact Astronomical Low-cost Low-frequency Instrument for Spectroscopy and Transportable Observatory (CALLISTO-ROSEWELL) spectrometer on 11th March 2013 in the frequency range 320–450 MHz. It was observed 5 s after the flare which happens at 16:24:05UT. The drift rate of this burst is 8 MHz/s with a range of energy between 1.4081 × 106 eV to 1.739 × 106 eV. There are six sunspots were producing flares which are AR1691, AR1690, AR19692, AR1693, AR1694, and AR1689. The sunspot number is 89 and the level of energy is proportional to 680 SFU. Solar Burst Type I is normally in a storm structure and become one of the pre-burst stage. In this case, the burst is associated with a large solar flares. Type I solar burst can be as an indicator of pre-solar flare and CMEs if the intensity of the burst is high. The physical conditions inside and outside the source and the emission mechanisms are discussed.

Keywords

Solar burst type I Noise storm Solar flare Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the CALLISTO network, STEREO, LASCO, SDO/AIA, NOAA and SWPC make their data available online. This work was partially supported by the FRGS grant, 600-IRMI/PERDANA 5/3/MITRA (005/2018)-2 from the Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia. Special thanks to the National Space Agency and the National Space Centre for giving us a site to set up this project and support this project. Solar burst monitoring is a project of cooperation between the Institute of Astronomy, ETH Zurich, and FHNW Windisch, Switzerland, Universiti Teknologi MARA and University of Malaya. This paper also used the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Centre (SWPC) for the sunspot, radio flux and solar flare data for comparison purpose. The research has made use of the National Space Centre Facility and a part of an initiative of the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI) program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARASelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Academy of Islamic and Contemporary StudiesUniversiti Teknologi MARAShah AlamMalaysia
  3. 3.Faculty of Applied SciencesUniversiti Teknologi MARASelangorMalaysia

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