Future Oriented Planning of Product-Service Systems
Currently, innovations in product development are often implemented through a shift towards product-service systems. Thereby, products are combined with additional services, whereas this integration of both disciplines causes a new complexity. This complexity combined with a future oriented perspective requires a systematic support for planning these product-service systems. Core aspects are the reduction of uncertainty and a better preparation for future evolvements. This contribution presents a procedure that connects a systematic analysis of the future environment with the product-service system. The impact of future contextual influences on the product-service system is assessed by a future-oriented requirements specification. Consequently, the procedure transfers planning information into an engineering perspective. In order to ensure the procedure’s applicability, a case study was performed in the innovative sector of autonomous driving in cooperation with a company from the German automotive industry.
KeywordsProduct-service system planning Product development Requirements engineering Contextual influences Future orientation Case study
We thank the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft—DFG) for funding this project as part of the collaborative research center „Sonderforschungsbereich 768—Managing cycles in innovation processes—Integrated development of product-service-systems based on technical products‟.
- 3.Bauer W (2016) Planung und Entwicklung änderungsrobuster Plattformarchitekturen. Dissertation, Technical University of Munich, MunichGoogle Scholar
- 4.Ulrich KT, Eppinger SD (2004) Product design and development, 3rd ed. Irwin McGraw-Hill, Boston, MassGoogle Scholar
- 5.Albers A, Bursac N, Wintergerst E (2015) Product generation development-importance and challenges from a design research perspective. New Develop Mech Mech EngGoogle Scholar
- 7.Goedkoop MJ, van Halen CJG, Te Riele HRM, Rommens PJM et al (1999) Product service systems, ecological and economic basics. In: Report for Dutch Ministries of environment (VROM) and economic affairs (EZ), vol 36, no 1, pp 1–122Google Scholar
- 10.Hepperle C (2016) Planung lebenszyklusgerechter Leistungsbündel. Dissertation, Technical University of Munich, MunichGoogle Scholar
- 11.Kammerl D, Winkler S, Schmidt D, Mörtl M (2016) Model-based support for product-service system planning. In: Design 2016 14th international design conferenceGoogle Scholar
- 12.Weidmann D, Maisenbacher S, Kasperek D, Maurer M (2015) Product-service system development with discrete event simulation. In: IEEE systems conference (SysCon)Google Scholar
- 13.Bleicher K (2011) Das Konzept Integriertes Management, 7th edn. Campus Verlag, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar
- 15.Schulz AP, Fricke E, Igenbergs E (2000) Enabling changes in systems throughout the entire life-cycle-key to success? In: INCOSE international symposium 2000, vol 10, pp 565–573Google Scholar
- 17.Weidmann D, Becerril L, Hollauer C, Kattner N, Lindemann U (2017) A network-based approach to identify lacking coordination using higher order links. In: 21st international conference on engineering design (ICED17)Google Scholar
- 19.Dungs J, Herrmann F, Duwe D, Schmidt A, Stegmüller S, Gaydoul R, Sohl M (2016) The value of time. Fraunhofer IAO, StuttgartGoogle Scholar