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Chitosan for Tissue Engineering

  • Chun-Ho Kim
  • Sang Jun Park
  • Dae Hyeok Yang
  • Heung Jae ChunEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1077)

Abstract

Chitosan, a deacetylated chitin, is one of the few natural polymers similar to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) widely distributed throughout connective tissues. It has been believed that the excellent biocompatibility of chitosan is largely attributed to this structural similarity. Chitosan is also known to possess biodegradability, antimicrobial activity and low toxicity and immunogenicity which are essential for scaffolds. In addition, the existence of free amine groups in its backbone chain enables further chemical modifications to create the additional biomedical functionality. For these reasons, chitosan has found a tremendous variety of biomedical applications in recent years. This chapter introduces the basic contents of chitosan and discusses its applications to artificial skin, artificial bone, and artificial cartilage in tissue engineering purpose.

Keywords

Chitosan Tissue engineering Scaffold Regeneration Skin Bone Cartilage 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-Ho Kim
    • 1
  • Sang Jun Park
    • 1
  • Dae Hyeok Yang
    • 2
  • Heung Jae Chun
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Tissue EngineeringKorea Institute of Radiological and Medical SciencesSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Institute of Cell and Tissue Engineering, College of MedicineThe Catholic University of KoreaSeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Institute of Cell and Tissue Engineering, Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of MedicineThe Catholic University of KoreaSeoulSouth Korea

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