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Fabrication of Hydrogel Materials for Biomedical Applications

  • Jen Ming YangEmail author
  • Olajire Samson Olanrele
  • Xing ZhangEmail author
  • Chih Chin Hsu
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1077)

Abstract

Hydrogels are three-dimensional hydrophilic polymeric networks that can be made from a wide range of natural and synthetic polymers. This review discusses recent advanced engineering methods to fabricate hydrogels for biomedical applications with emphasis in cardiac constructs and wound healing. Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly offers a tissue-engineered construct with robust and highly ordered structures for cell proliferation and differentiation. Three-dimensional printings, including inkjet printing, fused deposition modeling, and stereolithographic apparatus, have been widely employed to fabricate complex structures (e.g., heart valves). Moreover, the state-of-the-art design of intelligent/stimulus-responsive hydrogels can be used for a wide range of biomedical applications, including drug delivery, glucose delivery, shape memory, wound dressings, and so on. In the future, an increasing number of hydrogels with tunable mechanical properties and versatile functions will be developed for biomedical applications by employing advanced engineering techniques with novel material design.

Keywords

Hydrogels 3D printing Layer-by-layer Tissue engineering Heart valve Wound dressing 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringChang Gung UniversityTaoYuanRepublic of China
  2. 2.Department of General DentistryChang Gung Memorial HospitalTaoYuanRepublic of China
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of PediatricsChang Gung Memorial HospitalTaoyuanRepublic of China
  4. 4.Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesShenyangPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationChang Gung Memorial Hospital at KeelungKeelungRepublic of China
  7. 7.School of Traditional Chinese MedicineChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanRepublic of China

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