Study of Friction Model Effect on A Skew Hot Rolling Numerical Analysis

  • Alberto Murillo-MarrodánEmail author
  • Eduardo García
  • Fernando Cortés
Conference paper


In this chapter the existing friction conditions between the rolls and the workpiece of a hot skew roll piercing mill are evaluated. A modified model of this process without the inner plug has been simulated, using the Finite Element Method (FEM) and validated with experimental data extracted from the industrial process. Three friction laws have been considered for the simulation of the friction conditions between the rolls and the workpiece: Coulomb, Tresca and Norton. Then, their performance have been evaluated in terms of velocity, power consumption and sliding velocity at the interface. On the one hand, the inappropriateness of Coulomb law for this type of processes has been demonstrated. On the other hand, between Tresca and Norton laws, some differences are appreciable. Tresca law reproduces correctly the velocity of the process, but Norton law is more accurate regarding the estimation of frictional power losses. As hot rolling is a process with high energy consumption, Norton results to be the more complete law for the simulation of this kind of rolling processes.


FEM Friction law Friction modelling Friction power Rolling process Sliding velocity 


  1. 1.
    M.S.J. Hashmi, Aspects of tube and pipe manufacturing processes: meter to nanometer diameter. J. Mater. Process. Technol. (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Li, H. Yang, Z. Zhang, Hot Tube-Forming. Comprehensive Materials Processing, 2014. ISSN/ISBN: 9780080965338Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Murillo-Marrodan, E. Garcia, F. Cortes, Friction modelling of a hot rolling process by means of the finite element method, in Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of The World Congress on Engineering 2017, 5–7 July 2017, London, U.K., pp. 965–969Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Iamtanomchai, S. Bland, Study of wear and life enhancement of hot forging dies using finite element analysis, in Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of The World Congress on Engineering 2015, 1–3 July 2015, London, U.K., pp. 833–838Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M.F. Erinosho, E.T. Akinlabi, Study of friction during forging operation, in Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of The World Congress on Engineering 2016, 29 June–1 July 2016, London, U.K., pp. 929–932Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.A. Coulomb, Théorie des machines simples en ayant égard au frottement de leurs parties et à la roideur des cordages, Bachelier, 1821Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Zhao, E. Yu, T. Yan, Deformation analysis of seamless steel tube in cross rolling piercing process, in 2010 International Conference On Computer Design and Applications, vol. 3, 2010, pp. V3-320–V3-323.
  8. 8.
    H.S. Valberg, Applied Metal Forming: Including FEM Analysis (Cambridge University Press, 2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Komori, M. Suzuki, Simulation of deformation and temperature in press roll piercing. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 169, 249–257 (2005). Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Komori, Simulation of Mannesmann piercing process by the three-dimensional rigid-plastic finite-element method. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 47, 1838–1853 (2005). Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Ghiotti, S. Fanini, S. Bruschi, P.F. Bariani, Modelling of the Mannesmann effect. CIRP Ann.—Manuf. Technol. 58, 255–258 (2009). Scholar
  12. 12.
    X. Duan, T. Sheppard, Three dimensional thermal mechanical coupled simulation during hot rolling of aluminium alloy 3003. Int. J. Mech. Sci. 44, 2155–2172 (2002). Scholar
  13. 13.
    Forge® Users’ Manual, TransvalorGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Murillo-Marrodán
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eduardo García
    • 1
  • Fernando Cortés
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of DeustoBilbaoSpain

Personalised recommendations