Managing Inventory on Blood Supply Chain

  • Fitra LestariEmail author
  • Ulfah
  • Ngestu Nugraha
  • Budi Azwar
Conference paper


There is unbalance the amount of blood demand and the availability of blood for each component at Blood Transfusion Unit in Indonesia. As the result, this component run into inventory shortage so management need to maintain the strategy of blood supply chain for the patients. Purpose of this is to manage inventory on the blood component of Packed Red Cells which it to be the highest blood component requirement for patient in this case study. Managing inventory is done through several stages including forecasting method, safety stock, and re-order point. Finding of this study was obtained that exponential smoothing (α = 0.95) to be the best forecasting method. Then, to manage inventory, this agency need to prepared 34 blood bags for safety stock and 76 blood bags for re-order point. This results able to give recommendation to the Blood Transfusion Unit at Indonesia regarding with the number of blood component provided and how much re-order to be made at the time of reaching the lead time. Further study is suggested to conduct simulation method in order to evaluate policy in managing blood inventory and prepare scenario for optimizing inventory level.


Blood Blood transfusion unit Inventory Production Re-order point Safety stock Supply chain 



The authors thank to Blood Transfusion Unit in Indonesia and Sultan Syarif Kasim State Islamic University who supported this research.


  1. 1.
    WHO, Towards 100% Voluntary Blood Donation: A Global Framework for Action, Geneva, Switzerland (2010)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Lestari, K. Ismail, A.B.A. Hamid, W. Sutopo, Designing supply chain analysis tool using SCOR model (Case study in palm oil refinery), in 2013 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), Bangkok, Thailand (2013), pp. 919–923Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Lestari, U. Anwar, N. Nugraha, B. Azwar, Forecasting demand in blood supply chain (Case study on blood transfusion unit), in Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science: Proceedings of The World Congress on Engineering 2017, 5–7 July 2017, London, U.K. (2017), pp. 764–767Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Wanke, A conceptual framework for inventory management: focusing on low-consumption items. Prod. Inventory Manag. J. 49(1), 6–23 (2014)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Vrat, Basic concepts in inventory management, in Materials Management: An Integrated Systems Approach (Springer, India, 2014), pp. 21–36Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    K.B. Prempeh, The impact of efficient inventory management on profitability: evidence from selected manufacturing firms in Ghana. MPRA 1–6 (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Liu, S. Ren, T. Choi, C. Hui, S. Ng, Sales forecasting for fashion retailing service industry: a review. Math. Probl. Eng. 2013, 1–10 (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. Vlckova, M. Patak, Role of demand planning in business process management, in 6th International Scientific Conference, 13–14 May 2010, Vilnius, Lithuania (2010), pp. 1119–1126Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.C. Rădăşanu, Inventory management, service level and safety. J. Public Admin. Finance Law Inventory 9, 145–153 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Mekel, P.T. Bank, C. Asia, L. Lahindah, Stock out analysis: an empirical study on forecasting, re-order point and safety stock level at PT. Combiphar, Indonesia. Rev. Integr. Bus. Econ. Res. 3(1), 52–64 (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Rangkuti, Inventory Management, vol. 2 (RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta, 2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K.T. Patton, G.A. Thibodeau, Anatomy and Physiology, 8th edn. (Elsevier Health Sciences, 2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ministry of Health Indonesia, Standard of Blood Transfusion Unit: Regulation No. 91, 2015 (2015)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M.A. Okhovat, M. Khairol, A. Mohd, T. Nehzati, Development of world class manufacturing framework by using six-sigma, total productive maintenance and lean. Sci. Res. Essays 7(50), 4230–4241 (2012)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.-K. Kähkönen, The influence of power position on the depth of collaboration. Supply Chain Manag.: Int. J. 19(1), 17–30 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Kleab, Important of supply chain management. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 7(9), 397–400 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fitra Lestari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ulfah
    • 2
  • Ngestu Nugraha
    • 1
  • Budi Azwar
    • 3
  1. 1.Industrial Engineering DepartmentSultan Syarif Kasim State Islamic UniversityPekanbaruIndonesia
  2. 2.AlMadinah Health Consulting in IndonesiaPekanbaruIndonesia
  3. 3.Islamic Economic DepartmentSultan Syarif Kasim State Islamic UniversityPekanbaruIndonesia

Personalised recommendations