An Intra-vehicular Wireless Sensor Network Based on Android Mobile Devices and Bluetooth Low Energy

  • José Augusto AfonsoEmail author
  • Rita Baldaia da Costa e Silva
  • João Luiz Afonso
Conference paper


This chapter presents the development and test of an intra-vehicular wireless sensor network (IVWSN), based on Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), designed to present to the driver, in real-time, information collected from multiple sensors distributed inside of the car, using a human-machine interface (HMI) implemented on an Android smartphone. The architecture of the implemented BLE network is composed by the smartphone, which has the role of central station, and two BLE modules (peripheral stations) based on the CC2540 system-on-chip (SoC), which collect relevant sensor information from the battery system and the traction system of a plug-in electric car. Results based on an experimental performance evaluation of the wireless network show that the network is able to satisfy the application requirements, as long as the network parameters are properly configured taking into account the peculiarities of the BLE data transfer modes and the observed limitations of the BLE platform used in the implementation of the IVWSN.


Android Bluetooth Low Energy Electric vehicle Human-machine interface Intra-vehicular networks Mobile phone sensing Performance evaluation Wireless sensor networks 



This work is supported by FCT with the reference project UID/EEA/04436/2013, COMPETE 2020 with the code POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006941.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Augusto Afonso
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rita Baldaia da Costa e Silva
    • 1
  • João Luiz Afonso
    • 2
  1. 1.CMEMS-UMinho R&D CenterUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  2. 2.Centro AlgoritmiUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal

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