Advertisement

Comprehensive Study for a Rail Power Conditioner Based on a Single–Phase Full–Bridge Back–to–Back Indirect Modular Multilevel Converter

  • Mohamed TantaEmail author
  • José A. Afonso
  • António P. Martins
  • Adriano S. Carvalho
  • João L. Afonso
Conference paper

Abstract

This chapter presents a rail power conditioner (RPC) system based on an indirect AC/DC/AC modular multilevel converter (MMC) where a V/V power transformer is used to feed the main catenary line and the locomotives. The proposed control strategy for this system has been introduced to guarantee a good compensating performance of negative sequence currents (NSCs) and harmonics on the public grid side. This control strategy has also the ability to achieve balanced and equal voltage between the MMC’s submodules (SMs) capacitors. Simulation results for this RPC based on an indirect MMC are presented in this chapter to show the main advantages of using this topology. The results show how the proposed system is able to compensate NSCs and harmonics on the public grid side when the V/V power transformer feeds two unequal load sections.

Keywords

Current harmonics Electric locomotives Modular multilevel converter (MMC) Negative sequence currents (NSCs) Power quality Rail power conditioner (RPC) Submodules (SMs) V/V power transformer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by COMPETE: POCI-01-0145- FEDER-007043 and FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope: UID/CEC/00319/2013. Mohamed Tanta was supported by a FCT grant with reference PD/BD/127815/2016.

References

  1. 1.
    I. Perin et al., Application of power electronics in improving power quality and supply efficiency of AC traction networks, in 2015 IEEE 11th International Conference on Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 2015, pp. 1086–1094Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Steimel, Power-electronic grid supply of AC railway systems, in 2012 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM), 2012, pp. 16–25Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    I. Krastev, P. Tricoli, S. Hillmansen, M. Chen, Future of electric railways: advanced electrification systems with static converters for ac railways. IEEE Electrif. Mag. 4(3), 6–14 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Tanta, J.A. Afonso, A.P. Martins, A.S. Carvalho, J.L. Afonso, Rail power conditioner based on indirect AC/DC/AC modular multilevel converter using a three-phase V/V power transformer, in Proceeding of the World Congress on Engineering, London, UK, 5–7 July 2017. Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science, pp. 289-294Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Abrahamsson, T. Schütte, S. Östlund, Use of converters for feeding of AC railways for all frequencies. Energy Sustain. Dev. 16(3), 368–378 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Perin, P.F. Nussey, T.V. Tran, U.M. Cella, G.R. Walker, Rail power conditioner technology in Australian Heavy Haul Railway: a case study, in 2015 IEEE PES Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2015, pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. Wu, A. Luo, J. Shen, F.J. Ma, S. Peng, A negative sequence compensation method based on a two-phase three-wire converter for a high-speed railway traction power supply system. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 27(2), 706–717 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Tamai, Novel power electronics application in traction power supply system in Japan, in 2014 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition, 2014, pp. 701–706Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Ma, Z. He, Q. Xu, A. Luo, L. Zhou, M. Li, Multilevel power conditioner and its model predictive control for railway traction system. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 63(11), 7275–7285 (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Q. Xu et al., Analysis and comparison of modular railway power conditioner for high-speed railway traction system. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 32(8), 6031–6048 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Song, J. Liu, S. Ouyang, X. Chen, A modular multilevel converter based railway power conditioner for power balance and harmonic compensation in Scott railway traction system, in IEEE PEMC-ECCE Asia, 2016, pp. 2412–2416Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Hagiwara, H. Akagi, Control and experiment of pulsewidth-modulated modular multilevel converters. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 24(7), 1737–1746 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Asimakopoulos, K. Papastergiou, M. Bongiorno, Design and control of modular multilevel converter in an active front end application. Accelerators and storage rings. Engineering, Chalmers U. Tech, Gothenburg, Sweden, 2013Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Q. Tu, Z. Xu, H. Huang, J. Zhang, Parameter design principle of the arm inductor in modular multilevel converter based HVDC, in 2010 International Conference on Power System Technology, 2010, pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.M. Bozorgi, M.S. Chayjani, R.M. Nejad, M. Monfared, Improved grid voltage sensorless control strategy for railway power conditioners. IET Power Electron. 8(12), 2454–2461 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Luo, C. Wu, J. Shen, Z. Shuai, F. Ma, Railway static power conditioners for high-speed train traction power supply systems using three-phase V/V transformers. IEEE Trans. Power Electron. 26(10), 2844–2856 (2011Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Tanta et al., Simplified rail power conditioner based on a half-bridge indirect AC/DC/AC modular multilevel converter and a V/V power transformer, in IECON 2017—43rd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Beijing, China, 2017, pp. 6431–6436Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Ma, A. Luo, X. Xu, H. Xiao, C. Wu, W. Wang, A Simplified power conditioner based on half-bridge converter for high-speed railway system. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 60(2), 728–738 (2013)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Tanta, V. Monteiro, T.J.C. Sousa, A.P. Martins, A.S. Carvalho and J.L. Afonso, Power quality phenomena in electrified railways: Conventional and new trends in power quality improvement toward public power systems, in 2018 International Young Engineers Forum (YEF-ECE), Costa da Caparica, Portugal, 2018, pp. 25–30Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Rejas et al., Performance comparison of phase shifted PWM and sorting method for modular multilevel converters, in 2015 17th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE’15 ECCE-Europe), 2015, pp. 1–10Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Tanta
    • 1
    Email author
  • José A. Afonso
    • 2
  • António P. Martins
    • 3
  • Adriano S. Carvalho
    • 3
  • João L. Afonso
    • 1
  1. 1.GEPE - Centro AlgoritmiUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  2. 2.CMEMSUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  3. 3.SYSTECUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations