Comprehensive Study for a Rail Power Conditioner Based on a Single–Phase Full–Bridge Back–to–Back Indirect Modular Multilevel Converter

  • Mohamed TantaEmail author
  • José A. Afonso
  • António P. Martins
  • Adriano S. Carvalho
  • João L. Afonso
Conference paper


This chapter presents a rail power conditioner (RPC) system based on an indirect AC/DC/AC modular multilevel converter (MMC) where a V/V power transformer is used to feed the main catenary line and the locomotives. The proposed control strategy for this system has been introduced to guarantee a good compensating performance of negative sequence currents (NSCs) and harmonics on the public grid side. This control strategy has also the ability to achieve balanced and equal voltage between the MMC’s submodules (SMs) capacitors. Simulation results for this RPC based on an indirect MMC are presented in this chapter to show the main advantages of using this topology. The results show how the proposed system is able to compensate NSCs and harmonics on the public grid side when the V/V power transformer feeds two unequal load sections.


Current harmonics Electric locomotives Modular multilevel converter (MMC) Negative sequence currents (NSCs) Power quality Rail power conditioner (RPC) Submodules (SMs) V/V power transformer 



This work was supported by COMPETE: POCI-01-0145- FEDER-007043 and FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope: UID/CEC/00319/2013. Mohamed Tanta was supported by a FCT grant with reference PD/BD/127815/2016.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Tanta
    • 1
    Email author
  • José A. Afonso
    • 2
  • António P. Martins
    • 3
  • Adriano S. Carvalho
    • 3
  • João L. Afonso
    • 1
  1. 1.GEPE - Centro AlgoritmiUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  2. 2.CMEMSUniversity of MinhoGuimarãesPortugal
  3. 3.SYSTECUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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