Human Thermodynamics and Culture (I)

  • Rongxing Guo


Why did humans begin their first cultural change? This could likely happen only after humans—especially those who were the most physically inferior—found that the environment in which they were living had changed or that they could not compete with other, stronger carnivores. During this process, humans began to learn how to use simple tools and to create more complicated cultural traditions. As a result of population growth on the one hand and of the constraints in living spaces and resources available on the other hand, some groups of humans began to migrate out of Africa. Existing archaeological findings suggest that Homo sapiens existed in environmentally and geographically diverse areas. Of course, this has been the result of “natural selection” of human beings and has followed the so-called Win-Stay Lose-Shift principle. However, historians and anthropologists have highly simplified, if not dismissed, the biological factors that may have decided or influenced the dynamic behaviors of humans and civilizations.


Human evolution Civilization Global history Human thermodynamics Intelligence quotient (IQ) 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rongxing Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Capital University of Economics and BusinessBeijingChina

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