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Tourism Dynamics and Regional Sustainable Development

  • João Romão
Chapter
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 28)

Abstract

The concepts of competitiveness and sustainability emerged in the literature during the 1980s and they were quickly adopted within tourism studies. In fact, these concepts are closely interrelated when analyzing tourism dynamics in the long run. As these are crucial aspects for the planning and management processes of any kind of tourism destination, they received broad attention, both from academic research and also from a large set of international tourism-related organizations, including different proposals and frameworks for a quantitative analysis. Nevertheless, the continuous recent growth of tourism is clearly related to air travel, as the sector contributes, at least, to 5% of the global CO2 emissions. Despite this problem, an increasing awareness of consumers regarding environmental impacts and the contribution of tourism for the socio-economic development of host communities at the destinations is acknowledged, leading to the emergency of different new segments of tourism activity. Considering its novelty and high potential for the implementation of innovative initiatives oriented to the sustainable development of rural areas, particular attention is given to the case of wellness tourism. Finally, the communal aspect of most of the resources attracting tourists to a destination is discussed, as it raises different problems related both to their utilization and also to the unequal appropriation of benefits within a community, reinforcing the need for participatory and representative decision-making processes.

Keywords

Competitiveness Sustainable development Strategic planning Participatory management Wellness Common pool resources Collective action 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Romão
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Studies in Management and EconomicsUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  2. 2.Regional Economics and Business NetworkHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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