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Tourism: A Knowledge-Based Activity

  • João Romão
Chapter
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 28)

Abstract

Contemporary production and consumption systems increasingly integrate immaterial aspects related to knowledge or cultural values and symbols into products and services, often through processes of co-creation, leading to a personalization and adaptation of supply to the needs and motivations of consumers. Tourism plays a prominent role within this emergent creative economy, and the focus on the immaterial aspects of the experience tends to prevail over the material aspects of the destinations, while information and communication technologies appear as crucial tools for the match between differentiation of destinations and market segmentation. The intense development observed in these technologies during the last few decades contributes for the enhancement of co-created tourism experiences while opening new opportunities for the reinforcement of linkages between tourism and other creative activities, along with the potential reinforcement of regional innovation networks, potentially involving a large number of small and decentralized tourism providers. On the other hand, agglomeration effects related to recent urban development contribute for the concentration of creative activities in cities, along with the emergence of a varied supply of flexible and creative tourism products and services. This fast growth of tourism in contemporary cities also raises new challenges for urban planning, not only related to the shared use of spaces, facilities, and infrastructures but also regarding the impacts of tourism on local markets and especially on the housing markets in large-scale urban tourism destinations.

Keywords

Information Smart tourism Co-creation Smart specialization Creative economies Urban tourism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Romão
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Advanced Studies in Management and EconomicsUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  2. 2.Regional Economics and Business NetworkHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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