Advertisement

University Enrolment Expansion and Returns to Higher Education: Evidence from China

  • Lin Ye
  • Alfred M. WuEmail author
  • Xinhui Yang
Chapter
  • 339 Downloads
Part of the Higher Education in Asia: Quality, Excellence and Governance book series (HEAQEG)

Abstract

Many countries around the world commit themselves to providing their citizens with equal access to educational opportunities and an even distribution of educational resources through different policies and measures. The policy initiated by China in the late 1990s to expand college and university enrolment was intended to enable more citizens to gain access to higher education opportunities. However, the rapid expansion of higher education has affected the incomes and job satisfaction of university/college graduates to different degrees. The government and higher education institutions should attend to the negative impact of the massification policy.

References

  1. Gao, W., & Smyth, R. (2015). Education expansion and returns to schooling in urban China, 2001–2010: Evidence from three waves of the China urban labor survey. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 20(2), 178–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hawkins, J. N., Mok, K. H., & Neubauer, D. (2018a). The many faces of Asia Pacific higher education in the era of massification. In Alfred M. Wu & John N. Hawkins (Eds.), Massification of higher education in Asia: Consequences, policy responses and changing governance. Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Hawkins, J. N., Mok, K. H., Neubauer, D. E., & Wu, A. M. (2018b). The limits of massification in the Asia-Pacific region: Six conflicting hypotheses. In D. Neubauer, K. H. Mok, & J. Jiang (Eds.), The sustainability of higher education in an era of post-massification (pp. 19–27). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. He, Y. (2009). Empirical analysis on the change of returns to education resulting from university/college enrolment expansion. Chinese Journal of Population Science, 2, 44–54.Google Scholar
  5. Li, Y. (2006). System change and generation mechanism for education inequality. Social Sciences in China, 4, 97–109.Google Scholar
  6. Li, C. (2010). Higher education expansion and inequality of educational opportunities. Sociological Studies, 3, 82–113.Google Scholar
  7. Li, Y. A., Whalley, J., Zhang, S., & Zhao, X. (2011). The higher educational transformation of China and its global implications. The World Economy, 34(4), 516–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Li, S., Whalley, J., & Xing, C. (2014). China’s higher education expansion and unemployment of college graduates. China Economic Review, 30, 567–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Luo, C. (2007). Education returns rate and its distribution characteristics of urban citizens. Economic Research Journal, 6, 119–130.Google Scholar
  10. Meng, X., Shen, K., & Xue, S. (2013). Economic reform, education expansion, and earnings inequality for urban males in China, 1988–2009. Journal of Comparative Economics, 41(1), 227–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mok, K. H., & Qian, J. (2018). Massification of higher education and youth transition: Skills mismatch, informal sector jobs and implications for China. Journal of Education and Work.  https://doi.org//10.1080/13639080.2018.1479838.
  12. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2014). Higher education in Asia: Expanding out, expanding up. Retrieved from http://www.uis.unesco.org/Library/Documents/higher-education-asia-graduate-university-research-2014-en.pdf.
  13. Wu, A. M. (2014). Governing civil service pay in China. Copenhagen, Denmark: NIAS Press.Google Scholar
  14. Wu, Y., & Zhao, Q. (2010). Relationship between university/college expansion and employment of their graduates. Economic Research Journal, 9, 93–108.Google Scholar
  15. Xing, C., & Li, S. (2010). “The great leap forward” of enrolment in higher education: Education opportunity and employment of university/college graduates. China Economic Quarterly, 7, 1187–1208.Google Scholar
  16. Yang, R. (2010). Changing governance in China’s higher education: Some analyses of the recent university enrolment expansion policy. In K. Mok (Ed.), The search for new governance of higher education in Asia (pp. 49–66). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  17. Yao, X., Fang, X., & Zhang, H. (2013). Study on changes of returns to education and employment rate after higher education expansion. China Economic Studies, 2, 3–11.Google Scholar
  18. Zhang, C. (2006). Change of human capital returns and income gap: Matthew effect and its policy implications. Economic Research Journal, 18, 59–70.Google Scholar
  19. Zhang, J., Zhao, Y., Park, A., & Song, X. (2005). Economic returns to schooling in urban China, 1988 to 2001. Journal of Comparative Economics, 33(4), 730–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zhang, H., Yao, X., & Zhang, J. (2010). Influence of education quality on local labor productivity. Economic Research Journal, 7, 57–67.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Chinese Public Administration Research, School of GovernmentSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Lee Kuan Yew School of Public PolicyNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.School of GovernmentSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations